An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Edicts and Memorials (zhaoling zouyi lei 詔令奏議類)

Jul 8, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald

Edicts and Memorials (zhaoling zouyi lei 詔令奏議類) is a subcategory in traditional Chinese bibliographies and part of the category of Historiography (shibu 史部). Edicts are law-equivalent proclamations by an emperor, memorials are reports on regular or irregular administrative affairs or even suggestions on politics submitted by ministers of other state officials to the throne. In many anthologies edicts and memorials are categorized as literature and are included in the belles-lettres section. The reason for this is that edicts and memorials, before being issued or submitted, and before being included in the archives, underwent a process of language polishing and are thus of a higher literary level than one normally expects from this type of documents. The edicts and memorials section of the collectaneum Siku quanshu 四庫全書 includes 10 collections of edicts and 29 books containing memorials. The most important are the Tang da zhaoling ji 唐大詔令集, Bao Jisu zouyi 包孝肅奏議, Song mingchen zouyi 宋名臣奏議 and Lidai mingchen zouyi 歷代名臣奏議.

1. 詔令之屬 zhaoling Edicts
唐大詔令集 百七卷 Tang da zhaoling ji (Song) 宋敏求 Song Minqiu (comp.)
兩漢詔令 二十三卷 Liang-Han zhaoling (Song) 林慮 Lin Lü, 樓昉 Lou Fang (comp.)
宋大詔令集 二百四十卷 (續修) Song da zhaoling ji (Song) 宋綬 Song Shou (comp.)
2. 奏議之屬 zouyi Memorials
宋名臣奏議 百五十卷 Song mingchen zouyi (Song) 趙汝愚 Zhao Ruyu
歷代名臣奏議 三百五十卷 Lidai mingchen zouyi (Ming) 楊士奇 Yang Shiqi, 黃淮 Huang Huai (et al. comp.; imp. ord.)
天聰朝臣奏議 * Tiancong chao chen zouyi (Qing) (comp.)
海防奏疏 二卷 (續修) Haifang zoushu (Qing) 汪應蛟 Wang Yingjiao (comp.)
河防疏略 二十卷 (存目) Hefang shulüe (Qing) 朱之錫 Zhu Zhixi
度支奏議 百十九卷 (續修) Haifang zoushu (Qing) 畢自嚴 Bi Ziyan (comp.)
河防疏略 二十卷 (續修) Hefang shulüe (Qing) 朱之錫 Zhu Zhixi (comp.)
鄂爾泰奏稿 一卷 (續修) E'rtai zougao (Qing) 鄂爾泰 Ortai
那文毅公奏議 八十卷 (續修) Na Wenyigong zouyi (Qing) 那彥成 Nayanceng
林文忠公政書 三十七卷 (續修) Lin Wenzhonggong zhengshu (Qing) 林則徐 Lin Zexu
曾文正公奏稿 三十六卷 (續修) Zeng Wenzhenggong zougao (Qing) 曾國藩 Zeng Guofan
皇清奏議 六十八卷 (續修) Huang-Qing zouyi (Qing/Rep) (comp.)
清季外交史料 * Qingji waijiao shiliao (Rep.) (comp.)

* not included in the collectaneum Siku quanshu 四庫全書, the catalogue Siku quanshu zongmu tiyao 四庫全書總目題要, nor the Xuxiu siku quanshu 續修四庫全書