An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Houhanshu 後漢書

Jul 11, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald

Houhanshu 後漢書 "Book of the Later Han" is the official dynastic history (zhengshi 正史) of the Later Han dynasty 後漢 (25-220 CE). This third official dynastic history was written by Fan Ye 范曄 (398–445, courtesy name Weizong 蔚宗).

Fan used the biographical-thematical style (jizhuanti 紀傳體) with three different types of chapters, namely 10 juan of imperial annals-biography (ji 紀), 60 chapters of normal and collective biographies (zhuan 傳), and 10 chapters of treatises (zhi 志). Fan Ye's work was interrupted by his execution, caused by his sidelining with Prince Liu Yikang 劉義康 (409–451), who rebelled against the emperor. The treatises were later supplemented by those from another history of the Later Han period, Xuhanshu 續漢書 "Sequel to the Hanshu", written by Sima Biao 司馬彪 (d. 306). These 20 chapters were called Xuhanzhi 續漢志 "Treatises of the Xuhanshu".

Sources for Fan Ye's book were, apart from Sima Biao's book, several earlier histories written on the Later Han period or parts of it (see Table 1), the most important being Dongguan hanji 東觀漢記, a book whose compilation began during the first decades of Later Han and extends until the last years of the rule of Emperor Ling 漢靈帝 (r. 167–188). Fan Ye did not exactly copy the structure of Sima's Hanshu.

Following the example of Hua Jiao's 華嶠 (d. 293, courtesy name Shujun 叔駿) Han houshu 後漢書, he inserted a collective imperial biography (ji) for empresses (10 Huanghou ji 皇后紀, with an appendix on princesses), while Ban Gu 班固 (32-92 CE), author of the Hanshu 漢書 (the official history of the Former Han), had assembled the biographies of the emperors' consorts and their kinsmen in a normal biography at the end of his book (Hanshu 97 Waiqi zhuan 外戚傳). This reflects the growing importance of the empresses in government during the Later Han period. Yet while the position of the consorts' biographies remained constant for all later dynastic histories, the type of chapter was downgraded from imperial annals (ji) to a normal biography (zhuan).

The collective biographies in the Houhanshu are those on imperial princes (14, 42, 50, 55), members of court factions (67 Danggu liezhuan 黨錮列傳), benevolent officials (76 Xunli liezhuan 循吏列傳), cruel officials (77 Kuli liezhuan 酷吏列傳), eunuchs (78 Huanzhe liezhuan 宦者列傳), Confucian scholars (79 Rulin liezhuan 儒林列傳), writers (80 Wenyuan liezhuan 文苑列傳), persons of moral excellence (81 Duxing liezhuan 獨行列傳), magicians and "immortals" (82 Fangshu liezhuan 方術列傳), scholars living in seclusion (83 Yimin liezhuan 逸民列傳), outstanding women (84 Lienü zhuan 列女傳), and "barbarian" peoples (85 Dongyi liezhuan 東夷列傳, 86 Nanman xinanyi liezhuan 南蠻西南夷列傳, 87 Xiqiang zhuan 西羌傳, 88 Xiyu zhuan 88 西域傳, 89 南匈奴列傳, 90 Wuhuan Xianbei liezhuan 烏桓鮮卑列傳).

Among the treatises, the monography about state coaches and court robes ([119-120] Yufu zhi 輿服志) was a new theme. The others are musical tuning and calendar ([91-93] Lüli zhi 律曆志), rituals and ceremonies (94-96 Liyi zhi 禮儀志), sacrifices (97 Jisi zhi 祭祀志), astronomy (100-102 Tianwen zhi 天文志), the Five Agents (103-108 Wuxing zhi 五行志), administrative geography (109-114 Junguo zhi 郡國志) and state offices (115-118 Baiguan zhi 百官志).

Several Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholars compiled supplementary bibliographic chapters, to be found in the collection Ershiwushi bubian 二十五史補編. These are more or less collections of fragments based on quotations in other sources.

Liu Zhao 劉昭 (dates unknown), a Liang period 梁 (502-557) scholar, was the first to compare all different versions of histories of Later Han and he created a critical apparatus for Fan Ye's Houhanshu. Unfortunately it is lost except the commentary on the treatises. The reason for this its loss was its overlying by the commentaries of the Tang period 唐 (618-907) scholars Prince Li Xian 李賢 (654–684), Zhang Da'an 張大安 (d. 684) and Liu Nayan 劉納言 (dates unknown).

More modern commentaries were created by the Qing scholars Hui Dong 惠棟 (1697-1758) and Wang Xianqian 王先謙 (1842–1917) under the title Houhanshu jijie 後漢書集解.

There are seven alternative histories of the Later Han period that survive partially, the so-called Qijia Houhan shu 七家後漢書 "Seven histories of the Later Han dynasty". Fragments of these were collected by Wang Wentai 汪文臺 (1796–1844). The collection was annotated by Zhou Tianyou 周天游 and republished with the Shanghai guji press 上海古籍出版社 in 1986 under the title Bajia Houhan shu 八家後漢書 "Eight histories of the Later Han dynasty", additionally including a few fragments of Zhang Ying's 張瑩 Houhan nanji 後漢南記.

Table 1. The series Qijia houhanshu 七家後漢書
(Qing) Wang Wentai 汪文臺 (comp.)
1882 edition by Cui Guobang 崔國榜
書名, length in juan Title Author(s)
後漢書 八卷 Houhanshu (130) (Sanguo-Wu) 謝承 Xie Cheng
後漢書 (漢後記, 漢後書) 一卷 Houhanshu (Han houji, Han houshu) (65/100) (Jin) 薛瑩 Xue Ying
續漢書 五卷 Xuhanshu (83) (Jin) 司馬彪 Sima Biao, commentary to the treatises by (Liang) 劉昭 Liu Zhao
後漢書 二卷 Houhanshu (17/97) (Jin) 華嶠 Hua Jiao
後漢書 一卷 Houhanshu (85/122) (Jin) 謝沈 Xie Chen
後漢書 一卷 Houhanshu (95/100) (Jin) 袁山松 Yuan Shansong (or Yuan Song 袁崧)
漢記 (後漢紀) 一卷 Hanji (Houhanji) (Sanguo-Wei) 張璠 Zhang Fan
(附) 後漢書 一卷 (app.) Houhanshu () NN
Numbers in brackets refer to the original size in juan (different statements). Source: Shanghai tushuguan 1982, Vol. 1, 641.

Zhang Fan's 張璠 (dates unknown, Cao-Wei period 曹魏, 220-265) book seems to be a chronicle, not a biographically arranged book, because it is found among the biannian (chronicle) texts in the Suishu 隋書 bibliography Jingji zhi 經籍志. This is also true for Yuan Hong's 袁宏 (328-376) Houhanji 後漢紀, which has wholly survived. The Suishu bibliography also lists a 100-juan long Houhanshu written by Xiao Zixian 蕭子顯 (author of the Nanqishu 南齊書, the official dynastic history of the Southern Qi 南齊, 479-502). It was already lost in the early Tang.

Apart from these the bibliographic chapter in the dynastic history Jiutangshu 舊唐書 lists Liu Yiqing's 劉義慶 Houhanshu (58 juan), Xie Chen's 謝沈 Houhanshu waizhuan 後漢書外傳 (10 juan), probably a history of the early Three Empires period, and Zhang Ying's (Hou)-Han nanji (58 juan). In the Xintangshu 新唐書 bibliography Zhang Mian's 張緬 Houhanlüe 後漢略 (27 juan) is listed.

All these parallel histories did not survive the political turmoils of the ninth and early tenth century, barring the above-mentioned fragments. The parallel history Dongguan hanji is sometimes also to be found in the section of dynastic histories. In the bibliographic chapter of the statecraft encyclopaedia Wenxian tongkao 文獻通考 Xiao Chang's 蕭常 book Xu houhanshu 續後漢書 is also listed amoung the official dynastic histories, although it is in fact a parallel to the Sanguozhi 三國志.

A partial translation of the Houhanshu was published by Hans Bielenstein, The Restoration of the Han Dynasty (Stockholm/Göteborg: Elanders 1954 ff.; Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, 26/1954; 31/1959; 39/1967; 51/1979).

Example Example Example Example Example
Table 2. Chapters of the Houhanshu 後漢書
1.-10. 紀 Ji Imperial Annals-Biography 1-10
1. 1 上光武帝紀 Emperor Guangwudi A-B (r. 25-57 AD)
2. 2 顯宗孝明帝紀 Xianzong, Emperor (Xiao-)Ming (r. 57-75)
3. 3 肅宗孝章帝紀 Suzong, Emperor (Xiao-)Zhang (r. 75-88)
4. 4 孝和孝殤帝紀 Emperors (Xiao-)He (r. 88-105) and (Xiao-)Shang (r. 105-106)
5. 5 孝安帝紀 Emperor (Xiao-)An (r. 106-125)
6. 6 孝順孝沖孝質帝紀 Emperors (Xiao-)Shun (r. 125-144), (Xiao-)Chong (r. 144-145), and (Xiao-)Zhi (r. 145-146)
7. 7 孝桓帝紀 Emperor (Xiao-)Huan (r. 146-167)
8. 8 孝靈帝紀 Emperor (Xiao-)Ling (r. 167-188)
9. 9 孝獻帝紀 Emperor (Xiao-)Xian (r. 189-220)
10. 10 皇后紀 The Imperial Consorts
11.-90. 傳 Zhuan Biographies 1-80
11. 1 Liu Xuan 劉玄 and Liu Penzi 劉盆子
12. 2 Wang Chang 王昌, Liu Yong 劉永, [Pang Meng 龐萌], Zhang Bu 張步, [Wang Hong 王閎], Li Xian 李憲, Peng Chong 彭寵, and Lu Fang 盧芳
13. 3 Wei Ao 隗囂 and Gongsun Shu 公孫述
14. 4 宗室四王三侯列傳 The Four Princes and Three Marquesses of the Imperial House [Liu Yin, Prince Wu of Qi 齊武王縯 (Liu Xing, Prince Jing of Beihai 北海靖王興), Liu Liang, Prince Xiao of Zhao 趙孝王良, Liu Zhi, Prince Gong of Changyang 城陽恭王祉, Liu Xi, Prince of Sishui 泗水王歙, Liu Ci, Marquis Xiao of Ancheng 安城孝侯賜, Liu Shun, Marquis Xiao of Chengwu 成武孝侯順, and Liu Jia, Marquis Huai of Shunyang 順陽懷侯嘉]
15. 5 Li Tong 李通, Wang Chang 王常, Deng Chen 鄧晨, Lai She 來歙, [and Lai Li 來歷]
16. 6 Deng Yu 鄧禹, [Deng Xun 鄧訓, Deng She 鄧騭] and Kou Xun 寇恂, [and Kou Rong 寇榮]
17. 7 Feng Yi 馮異, Cen Peng 岑彭, and Jia Fu 賈復
18. 8 Wu Han 吳漢, Gai Yan 蓋延, Chen Jun 陳俊, and Zang Gong 臧宮
19. 9 Geng Yan 耿弇, [Geng Guo 耿國, Geng Bing 耿秉, Geng Kui 耿夔, and Geng Gong 耿恭]
20. 10 Zhao Qi 銚期, Wang Ba 王霸, Ji Zun 祭遵, [and Ji Tong 祭肜]
21. 11 Ren Guang 任光, [Ren Wei 任隗], Li Zhong 李忠, Wan You 萬脩, Pi Tong 邳彤, Liu Zhi 劉植, and Geng Chun 耿純
22. 12 Zhu You 朱祐, Jing Dan 景丹, Wang Liang 王梁, Du Mao 杜茂, Ma Cheng 馬成, Liu Long 劉隆, Fu Jun 傅俊, Jian Tan 堅鐔, and Ma Wu 馬武
23. 13 Dou Rong 竇融, [Dou Gu 竇固, Dou Xian 竇憲, and Dou Zhang 竇章]
24. 14 Ma Yuan 馬援, [Ma Miu 馬廖, Ma Fang 馬防, Ma Yan 馬嚴, and Ma Suo 馬棱]
25. 15 Zhuo Mao 卓茂, Lu Gong 魯恭 [and Lu Pi 魯丕], Wei Ba 魏霸, and Liu Kuan 劉寬
26. 16 Fu Zhan 伏湛 [and Fu Long 伏隆], Hou Ba 侯霸, Song Hong 宋弘 [and Song Han 漢], Cai Mao 蔡茂, [Guo He 郭賀], Feng Qin 馮勤, Zhao Xi 趙憙, Mou Rong 牟融, Wei Biao 韋彪, [and Wei Yi 韋義]
27. 17 Xuan Bing 宣秉, Zhang Zhan 張湛, Wang Dan 王丹 and Wang Liang 王良, Du Lin 杜林, Guo Dan 郭丹, Wu Liang 吳良, Cheng Gong 承宮, Zheng Jun 鄭均, and Zhao Dian 趙典
28. 18 Huan Tan 桓譚, Feng Yan 馮衍, and Feng Bao 馮豹 A-B
29. 19 Shentu Gang 申屠剛, Bao Yong 鮑永, [Bao Yu 鮑昱], Zhi Yun 郅惲, [and Zhi Shou 郅壽]
30. 20 Su Jing 蘇竟 and Yang Hou 楊厚
31. 21 Guo Ji 郭伋, Du Shi 杜詩, Kong Fen 孔奮, Zhang Zhan 張堪, Lian Fan 廉范, Wang Tang 王堂, Su Zhang 蘇章, [Su Buwei 蘇不韋], Yang Xu 羊續, Jia Cong 賈琮, and Lu Kang 陸康
32. 22 Fan Hong 樊宏, [Fan Shu 樊鯈, Fan Zhun 樊準], Yin Shi 陰識, [and Yin Xing 陰興]
33. 23 Zhu Fu 朱浮, Feng Fang 馮魴, Yu Yan 虞延, Zheng Hong 鄭弘, and Zhou Zhang 周章
34. 24 Liang Tong 梁統, [Liang Song 梁松, Liang Song 梁竦, Liang Shang 梁商, Liang Ji 梁冀]
35. 25 Zhang Chun 張純, [Zhang Fen 張奮], Cao Bao 曹褒, and Zheng Xuan 鄭玄
36. 26 Zheng Xing 鄭興, [Zheng Zhong 鄭眾], Fan Sheng 范升, Chen Yuan 陳元, Jia Kui 賈逵, Zhang Ba 張霸, [Zhang Kai 張楷, Zhang Ling 張陵, and Zhang Xuan 張玄]
37. 27 Huan Rong 桓榮, [Huan Yu 桓郁, Huan Yan 桓焉, Huan Dian 桓典, Huan Luan 桓鸞, Huan Ye 桓曄, Huan Bin 桓彬], and Ding Hong 丁鴻
38. 28 Zhang Zong 張宗, Fa Xiong 法雄, Teng Fu 滕撫, Feng Kun 馮緄, Du Shang 度尚, and Yang Xuan 楊琁
39. 29 Liu Ping 劉平, [Wang Wang 王望, Wang Fu 王扶], Zhao Xiao 趙孝, Chunyu Gong 淳于恭, Jiang Ge 江革, Liu Ban 劉般, [Liu Kai 劉愷], Zhou Pan 周磐, and Zhao Zi 趙咨
40. 30 Ban Biao 班彪 [and Ban Gu 班固] A-B
41. 31 Diwu Lun 第五倫, [Diwu Zhong 第五種], Zhongli Yi 鍾離意, Song Jun 宋均, [Song Yi 宋意], and Han Lang 寒朗
42. 32 光武十王列傳 The ten princes (i.e. sons) of Emperor Guangwu [Liu Jiang, Prince Gong of Donghai 東海恭王彊, Liu Fu, Prince Xian of Pei 沛獻王輔, Liu Ying, Prince of Chu 楚王英, Liu Kang, Prince An of Jinan 濟南安王康, Liu Cang, Prince Xian of Dongping 東平憲王蒼, Liu Yan, Prince Zhi of Fuling 阜陵質王延, Liu Jing, Prince Si of Guangling 廣陵思王荊, Liu Heng, Duke Huai of Linhuai 臨淮懷公衡, Liu Yan, Prince Jian of Zhongshan 中山簡王焉, and Liu Jing, Prince Xiao of Langya 琅邪孝王京]
43. 33 Zhu Yun 朱暉, [Zhu Mu 朱穆], Le Hui 樂恢, and He Chang 何敞
44. 34 Deng Biao 鄧彪, Zhang Yu 張禹, Xu Fang 徐防, Zhang Min 張敏, and Hu Guang 胡廣
45. 35 Yuan An 袁安, [Yuan Jing 袁京, Yuan Chang 袁敞, Yuan Hong 袁閎], Zhang Fu 張酺, Han Suo 韓棱, Zhou Rong 周榮, [and Zhou Jing 周景]
46. 36 Guo Gong 郭躬, [Guo Zhen 郭鎮], Chen Chong 陳寵, [and Chen Zhong 陳忠]
47. 37 Ban Chao 班超, [Ban Yong 班勇], Liang Qin 梁慬, [and He Xi 何熙]
48. 38 Yang Zhong 楊終, Li Fa 李法, Zhao Fu 翟酺, Ying Feng 應奉, [Ying Shao 應劭], Huo Xu 霍諝, Yuan Yan 爰延, and Xu Miao 徐璆
49. 39 Wang Chong 王充, Wang Fu 王符, and Zhongzhang Tong 仲長統
50. 40 孝明八王列傳 The eight princes (sons) of Emperor Ming [Liu Jian, Prince Ai of Qiancheng 千乘哀王建, Liu Xian, Prince Jing of Chen 陳敬王羨, Liu Gong, Pring Jing of Pengcheng 彭城靖王恭, Liu Dang, Prince Jing of Lecheng 樂成靖王黨, Liu Yan, Prince Hui of Xiapi 下邳惠王衍, Liu Chang, Prince Jie of Liang 梁節王暢, Liu Bing, Prince Qing of Huaiyang 淮陽頃王昞, and Liu Chang, Prince Dao of Jiyin 濟陰悼王長]
51. 41 Li Xun 李恂, Chen Shan 陳襌, Pang Can 龐參, Chen Gui 陳龜, and Qiao Xuan 陳龜
52. 42 Cui Yin 崔駰, [Cui Yuan 崔瑗, and Cui Shi 崔寔]
53. 43 Zhou Xie 周燮, Huang Xian 黃憲, Xu Zhi 徐稚, Jiang Hong 姜肱, and Shentu Chi 申屠蟠
54. 44 Yang Zhen 楊震, [Yang Bin 楊秉, Yang Ci 楊賜, Yang Biao 楊彪, and Yang You 楊脩]
55. 45 章帝八王傳 The eight princes (sons) of Emperor Zhang [Liu Kang, Prince Zhen of Qiancheng 千乘貞王伉, Liu Quan, Prince Dao of Pingchun 平春悼王全, Liu Qing, Prince Xiao of Qinghe 清河孝王慶, Liu Shou, Prince Hui of Jibei 濟北惠王壽, Liu Kai, Prince Xiao of Hexian 河閒孝王開, Liu Shu, Prince Huai of Chengyang 城陽懷王淑, Liu Wansui 廣宗殤王萬歲, Prince Shang of Guagnzong, and Liu Sheng, Prince Huai of Pingyuan 平原懷王勝]
56. 46 Zhang Hao 張皓, [Zhang Gang 張綱], Wang Gong 王龔, [Wang Chang 王暢], Zhong Gao 种暠, [Zhong Dai 种岱, Zhong Fo 种佛, Zhong Shao 种劭], and Chen Qiu 陳球
57. 47 Du Gen 杜根, Luan Ba 欒巴, Liu Tao 劉陶, Li Yun 李雲, Liu Yu 劉瑜, and Xie Bi 謝弼
58. 48 Yu Yu 虞詡, Fu Xie 傳燮, Gai Xun 蓋勳, and Zang Hong 臧洪
59. 49 Zhang Heng 張衡
60. 50 Ma Rong 馬融 A, Cai Yong 蔡邕 B
61. 51 Zuo Xiong 左雄, Zhou Ju 周舉, [Zhou Xie 周勰], Huang Qiong 黃瓊, [and Huang Wan 黃琬]
62. 52 Xun Shu 荀淑, [Xun Shuang 荀爽, Xun Yue 荀悅], Han Shao 韓韶, Zhong Hao 鍾皓, Chen Shi 陳寔, [and Chen Ji 陳紀]
63. 53 Li Gu 李固, [Li Xie 李燮], and Du Qiao 杜喬
64. 54 Wu You 吳祐, Yan Du 延篤, Shi Bi 史弼, Lu Zhi 盧植, and Zhao Qi 趙岐
65. 55 Huangfu Gui 皇甫規, Zhang Huan 張奐, and Duan Ying 段熲
66. 56 Chen Fan 陳蕃 and Wang Yun 王允
67. 57 黨錮列傳 Danggu The factionalists: Liu Shu 劉淑, Li Ying 李膺, Li Mi 杜密, Liu You 劉祐, Wei Lang 魏朗, Xia Fu 夏馥, Song Ci 宗慈, Ba Su 巴肅, Fan Pang 范滂, Yin Xun 尹勳, Cai Yan 蔡衍, Yang She 羊陟, Zhang Jian 張儉, Cen Zhi 岑晊, Chen Xiang 陳翔, Kong Yu 孔昱, Yuan Kang 苑康, Tan Bao 檀鲍, Liu Ru 劉儒, Jia Biao 賈彪, He Yong 何顒
68. 58 Guo Tai 郭太, Fu Rong 符融, and Xu Shao 許劭
69. 59 Dou Wu 竇武 and He Jin 何進
70. 60 Zheng Tai 鄭太, Kong Rong 孔融, and Xun Yu 荀彧
71. 61 Huangfu Song 皇甫嵩 and Zhu Jun 朱㒞
72. 62 Dong Zhuo 董卓
73. 63 Liu Yu 劉虞, Gongsun Zan 公孫瓚, and Tao Qian 陶謙
74. 64 Yuan Shao 袁紹 A, [Yuan Tan 袁譚], and Liu Biao 劉表 B
75. 65 Liu Yan 劉焉, Yuan Shu 袁術, and Lü Bu 呂布
76. 66 循吏列傳 Xunli Benevolent officials: Wei Su 衛颯, Ren Ting 任延, Wang Jing 王景, Qin Peng 秦彭, Wang Huan 王渙, Xu Jing 許荊, Meng Chang 孟嘗, Diwu Fang 第五訪, Liu Ju 劉矩, Liu Chong 劉寵, Jiu Lan 仇覽, Tong Hui 童恢
77. 67 酷吏列傳 Kuli Cruel officials: Dong Xuan 董宣, Fan Ye 樊曄, Li Zhang 李章, Zhou Yu 周䊸, Huang Chang 黃昌, Yang Qiu 陽球, Wang Ji 王吉
78. 68 宦者列傳 Huanzhe Eunuchs: Zheng Zhong 鄭眾, Cai Lun 蔡倫, Sun Cheng 孫程, Cao Teng 曹騰, Shan Chao 單超, Hou Lan 侯覽, Cao Jie 曹節, Lü Qiang 呂強, Zhang Rang 張讓
79. 69 儒林列傳 Rulin The forest of scholars A-B: Liu Kun 劉昆, Wa Dan 洼丹, Ren An 任安, Yang Zheng 楊政, Zhang Xing 張興, Dai Ping 戴憑, Sun Qi 孫期, Ouyang Xi 歐陽歙, Mou Chang 牟長, Song Deng 宋登, Zhang Xun 張馴, Yin Min 尹敏, Zhou Fang 周防, Kong Xi 孔僖, Yang Lun 楊倫, Gao Xu 高詡, Bao Xian 包咸, Wei Ying 魏應, Fu Gong 伏恭, Ren Mo 任末, Jing Luan 景鸞, Xue Han 薛漢, Du Fu 杜撫, Zhao Xun 召馴, Yang Ren 楊仁, Zhao Ye 趙曄, Wei Hong 衛宏, Dong Jun 董鈞, Ding Gong 丁恭, Zhou Ze 周澤, Zhong Xing 鍾興, Zhen Yu 甄宇, Lou Wang 樓望, Cheng Ceng 程曾, Zhang Xuan 張玄, Li Yu 李育, He Xiu 何休, Fu Qian 服虔, Ying Rong 潁容, Xie Gai 謝該, Xu Shen 許慎, Cai Xuan 蔡玄
80. 70 文苑列傳 Wenyuan The garden of literati A-B: Du Du 杜篤, Wang Long 王隆, Xia Gong 夏恭, Fu Yi 傅毅, Huang Xiang 黃香, Liu Yi 劉毅, Li You 李尤, Su Shun 蘇順, Liu Zhen 劉珍, Ge Gong 葛龔, Wang Yi 王逸, Cui Qi 崔琦, Bian Shao 邊韶, Zhang Sheng 張升, Zhang Yi 張壹, Liu Liang 劉梁, Bian Rang 邊讓, Li Yan 酈炎, Hou Jin 侯瑾, Gao Biao 高彪, Zhang Shao 張超, Mi Heng 禰衡
81. 71 獨行列傳 Duxing Libertines: Qiao Xuan 譙玄, Li Ye 李業, Liu Mao 劉茂, Wen Xu 溫序, Peng You 彭脩, Suo Lufang 索盧放, Zhou Jia 周嘉, Fan Shi 范式, Li Shan 李善, Wang Tun 王忳, Zhang Wu 張武, Ling Xu 陵續, Dai Feng 戴封, Li Chong 李充, Miao Rong 繆肜, Chen Zhong 陳重, Lei Yi 雷義, Fan Ran 范冉, Dai Jiu 戴就, Zhao Bao 趙苞, Xiang Xu 向栩, Liang Fu 諒輔, Liu Yi 劉翊, Wang Lie 王烈
82. 72 方術列傳 Fangshu Diviners and magicians A-B: Ren Wengong 任文公, Guo Xian 郭憲, Xu Yang 許楊, Gao Huo 高獲, Wang Qiao 王喬, Xie Yiwu 謝夷吾, Yang You 楊由, Li Nan 李南, Li He 李郃, Duan Yi 段翳, Liao Fu 廖扶, Zhe Xiang 折像, Fan Ying 樊英, Tang Tan 唐檀, Gong Shamu 公沙穆, Xu Man 許曼, Zhao Yan 趙彥, Fan Zhizhang 樊志張, Shan Yang 單颺, Han Yue 韓說, Dong Fu 董扶, Guo Yu 郭玉, Hua Tuo 華佗, Xu Deng 徐登, Fei Changfang 費長房, Ji Zixun 薊子訓, Liu Gen 劉根, Zuo Ci 左慈, Ji Zixun 計子勳, Shangchenggong 上成公, Jie Nugu 解奴辜, Gan Shi 甘始, Wang Zhen 王真, Wang Heping 王和平
83. 73 逸民列傳 Yimin Worthies living in seclusion: Yewang er lao zhe 野王二老者, Xiang Chang 向長, Feng Meng 逢萌, Zhou Dang 周黨, Wang Ba 王霸, Yan Guang 嚴光, Jing Dan 井丹, Liang Hong 梁鴻, Gao Feng 高鳳, Wei Tong 臺佟, Han Kang 韓康, Jiao Shen 矯慎, Dai Liang 戴良, Fa Zhen 法真, Hanyin Laofu 漢陰老父, Chenliu Laofu 陳留老父, Peng Gong 龐公
84. 74 列女傳 Lienü Outstanding females: Bao Xuan qi 鮑宣妻, Wang Ba qi 王霸妻, Jiang Shi qi 姜詩妻, Zhou Yu qi 周郁妻, Cao Shishu qi 曹世叔妻, Yue Yangzi qi 樂羊子妻, Cheng Wenqu qi 程文矩妻, Xiaonü Cao E 孝女曹娥, Xu Sheng qi 許升妻, Yuan Wei qi 袁隗妻, Pang Yu mu 龐淯母, Liu Changqing qi 劉長卿妻, Huangfu Gui qi 皇甫規妻, Yin Yu qi 陰瑜妻, Cheng Dao qi 盛道妻, Xiaonü Shu Xianxiong 孝女叔先雄, Dong Si qi 董祀妻
85. 75 東夷列傳 The eastern barbarians: Fuyu 夫餘, Yilou 挹婁, Gaogouli 高句驪, Eastern Woju 東沃沮, Hui 濊, Sanhan 三韓, Wo
86. 76 南蠻西南夷列傳 The southern and southwestern barbarians
87. 77 西羌傳 The Western Qiang [barbarians]
88. 78 西域傳 The Western Territories
89. 79 南匈奴列傳 The Southern Xiongnu [barbarians]
90. 80 烏桓鮮卑列傳 The Wuhuan and Xianbei [barbarians]
Appendix: Xuhanzhi 續漢志 [91-120] 志 Zhi Treatises 1-30
1-3 律曆志 Lüli zhi Measurements and calendar 1-3
4-6 禮儀志 Liyi zhi Rites 1-3
7-9 祭祀志 Jisi zhi Sacrifices 1-3
10-12 天文志 Tianwen zhi Astronomy 1-3
13-18 五行志 Wuxing zhi The Five Agents 1-6
19-23 郡國志 Junguo zhi Administrative geography 1-5
24-28 百官志 Baiguan zhi The hundred state offices 1-5
29-30 輿服志 Yufu zhi Chariots and state robes 1-2
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Li Bingzhong 李秉忠, Wei Canjin 衛燦金, Lin Conglong 林從龍, ed. (1990). Jianming wenshi zhishi cidian 簡明文史知識詞典 (Xi’an: Shaanxi renmin chubanshe), 573.
Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文郁, ed. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, 1539.
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