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Suishi guangji 歲時廣記

The Four Categories of Literature
Suishi guangji 歲時廣記 "Vast records of the annual seasons" is an overview of the imperial edicts pronounced regularly according to the annual seasons. The 40 juan "scrolls" long book was compiled by the Song period 宋 (960-1279) scholar Chen Yuanjing 陳元靚 during the reign of Emperor Lizong 宋理宗 (r. 1224-1264). The main sources for the Suishi guangji were the Yueling 月令, a chapter of the Confucian Classic Liji 禮記, the Xiaojingwei 孝經緯 and Santongli 三統曆, as well as a lot of quotations scattered through a vast amount of books. Most of these sources do not belong to the official regulations for administration, but Chen Yuanjing quotes the original texts and had thus created a valuable treasure about the value of traditional Chinese thinking in daily politics.
The Suishi guangji has been transmitted in two different versions. The first version is only 4 juan long, each juan containing information on one of the seasons, with 46 spring edicts (ling 令), 50 for the summer, 32 for the autumn and 38 edicts concerning the winter. This version seems to have been used by the official central administration. It is included in the reprint series Xuehai leibian 學海類編 and Siku quanshu 四庫全書. The other version is 40 juan long, juan 6 is missing. It is included in the reprint series Shiwanjuanlou congshu 十萬卷樓叢書 and Congshu jicheng 叢書集成. There is actually a third version included in the series Gezhi congshu 格致叢書. It is 4 juan long and includes one richly illustrated chapter.

圖説 Tushuo Illustrations
1. 春 Chun Spring
2. 夏 Xia Summer
3. 秋 Qiu Autumn
4. 冬 Dong Winter
5.-7. 元旦 Yuandan 1-3 The New Year
8. 立春 Lichun Beginning of Spring
9. 人日 Renri The 7th day of the 1st lunar month
10.-12. 上元 Shangyuan 1-3 The Lantern Festival, 15th day of the 1st lunar month
13. 正月晦日中和節 Zhengyue meiri, Zhonghejie The last day of the 1st lunar month and the Festival of Central Harmony
14. 二社日 Ersheri The two days between Spring and Summer
15.-16. 寒食 Hanshi 1-2 The festival of the day before Pure Brightness
17. 清明 Qingming The Tomb-Sweeping Day
18.-19. 上巳 Shangsi 1-2 The first decade of the 3rd lunar month
20. 佛日 Fori Buddha's birthday (8th day of the 4th moon)
21.-23. 端五 Duanwu 1-3 The 5th day of the 5th month
24. 朝節天貺節 Chaojie, Tiankuangjie The Beginning of Summer and the Festival of the solar gifts (the 6th day of the 6th lunar month)
25. 三伏、立秋 Sanfu, liqiu
26-28 七夕 Qixi 1-3 The 7th day of the 7th month
29.-30. 中元 Zhongyuan 1-2 The ghost festival on the 15th day of the 7th month
31.-33. 中秋 Zhongqiu 1-3 Mid-autumn
34.-36. 重陽 Chongyang 1-3 The double ninth festival (9th day of the 9th month)
37. 小春下元 Xiaochun, xiayuan Small spring and the 15th day of the 10th month
38. 冬至 Dongzhi Beginning of Winter
39. 臘月交年節 Layue, jiaonianjie 12th month and Festival of the Turn of the Year
40. 歲除 Suichu The close of the year
縂載 Zongzai General record

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 1054.

3 July, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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