- An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art
About [Location: HOME > Literature > Four Categories > Historiography > Administration and Policy > Songchao shishi]

Chinese Literature
Songchao shishi 宋朝事實

The Four Categories of Literature
Songchao shishi 宋朝事實 "Practical matters from the Song dynasty" is a political encyclopaedia about the state administration of the Song empire 宋 (960-1279). The 20 juan "scrolls" long book was compiled by the Song period scholar Li You 李攸, courtesy name Li Haode 李好德. He came from Jiangyang 江陽 (modern Luzhou 瀘州, Sichuan) and served as gentleman for discussion (chengyilang 承議郎). The book was originally 60 juan long, but the second part went lost after the downfall of the Southern Song dynasty 南宋 (1127-1279) because it included a lot of information on the powerful Counsellor Qin Hui 秦檜. The version included in the imperial reprint series Siku quanshu 四庫全書 has been extracted as fragements from the Ming period 明 (1368-1644) encyclopaedia Yongle dadian 永樂大典 and is arranged according to the 25 chapter titles mentioned in Zhao Xibian's 趙希弁 book Dushuzhi 讀書志. These chapters were by and large the same as in most others encyclopaedias on statecraft of the huiyao type huiyao 會要, for instance, the Song huiyao 宋代會.
The Songchao shishi has been written with great care and is therefore a very reliable source concerning persons, place names and calendrical dates. It also includes some detailed information not recorded in other, more attractive, histories. Li You in many cases added critical information about details. Ji Yun 紀昀, one of the compilers of the Siku quanshu, therefore recommended the book to be included in the imperial series. Of great interest is the in-depth information on local administration during the mid-Southern Song period.
In 1935 the Shangwu yinshu press 商務印書館 published a modern edition that was republished as a facsimile in 1955 by the Zhonghua press 中華書局.

1. 祖宗世次 Zuzong shici The imperial dynasty
2. 登極赦 Dengji she Amnestion on accession to the throne
紀元 Jiyuan Reign mottos
3. 詔書 Zhaoshu Edicts
聖學 Shengxue Sacred learning
御製 Yuzhi Imperial creations
4.-5. 郊赦 Jiaoshe Amnesties of the suburbs
6. 廟制 Miaozhi The system of ancestral temples
7. 道釋 Dao Shi Daoism and Buddhism
8. 玉牒 Yudie Imperial genealogy
公主 Gongzhu Princesses
9. 官職 Guanzhi State offices
勳臣 Xunchen Meritorious officials
配享 Peiheng Sacrifices for deceased ministers
10. 宰執拜罷 Zaizhi baiba Appointment and dismission of high ministers
11.-13. 儀注 Yizhu Court protocol
14. 科目 Kemu State examinations
樂律 Yuelü Music and rules
歷象 Lixiang Calendar
15. 耕田 Gengtian Agriculture (and household registers)
財用 Caiyong Fiscal matters
16. 兵刑 Bing xing Military, and penal law
17. 削平僭偽 Xiaoping zanwei Suppression of usurpers
18.-19. 陞降州縣 Shengjiang zhouxian Appointment and dismission of local governors
20. 經略幽燕 Jinglüe You Yan Strategies (to regain) the northeastern provinces

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 1440.

May 29, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
Chinese Literature over time