An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Zhuzi nianpu 朱子年譜

Mar 6, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald

Zhuzi nianpu 朱子年譜 "Biographic chronicle of Master Zhu Xi" is a biography of the Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279) Neo-Confucian philosopher Zhu Xi 朱熹 in the shape of a chronicle. The 4 juan "scrolls" long book was compiled by the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Wang Maohong 王懋竑 (1668-1741). The Nianpu is enriched of a 4 juan long text-critical apparatus (Kaoyi 考異) and an appendix (Fulu 附錄) of 2 juan. The oldest biography of Zhu Xi had been compiled by the Song period scholar Li Fangzi 李方子, yet all of the subsequent biographies were superficially and incorrect in many pionts. Wang Maohong adhered to the biographies written by Li Mo 李默 and Hong Jing 洪璟 and compared their statements with the own writings of Zhu Xi. It took him more than 20 years to write his book. The Kaoyi followed the model of Zhu Xi's own commentary to the collected writings of the Tang period 唐 (618-907) writer Han Yu 韓愈. The Fulu includes the major philosophical propositions of Zhu Xi. The biography itself concentrates on the teaching career of Zhu Xi and omits the historical background.
The Zhuzi nianpu was first printed in 1752 by the Baitiancaotang Studio 白田草堂 and in included in the reprint series Siku quanshu 四庫全書, Yueyatang congshu 粵雅堂叢書, Congshu jicheng chubian 叢書集成初編 and Guoxue jiben congshu 國學基本叢書.

There is another book with the same title written by the Song period 宋 (960-1279) writer Yuan Zhonghui 袁仲晦 that was also consulted by Wang Maohong.

Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰, ed. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, 970.