The Four Categories of Literature
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Anthologies and Collected Works
Xiangjunzhi 湘軍志 "A treatise on the Hunan Army" is a description of the Hunan Army built up to fight the Taiping rebels. It was written by the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Wang Kaiyun 王闓運 (1833-1916), courtesy name Wang Renqiu 王壬秋, style Xiangqi 湘綺. Wang Kaiyun came from Xiangtan 湘潭, Hunan, and was a young official in the staff of Zeng Guofan 曾國藩 who built up the Hunan Army. After the war he was a teacher in various academies, in Chengdu 成都, Sichuan, Changsha 長沙, Hunan, and Hengzhou 衡州 (modern Hengyang 衡陽). At the end of the Qing period he was examining editor of the Hanlin Academy (Hanlinyuan jiantao 翰林院檢討), with the brevet title of Reader-in-waiting (shidu 侍讀). During the early years of the Republic (1912-1949) he was director of the Institute of the History of the Qing (Qingshiguan 清史館). Except the Xiangjunzhi, he has written a diary called Xiangqilou riji 湘綺樓日記, and a lot of various poems and prose writings, has published a selection of poems, the Badai shixuan 八代詩選 and was interested in the Confucian Classic Gongyangzhuan 公羊傳.
The 16 juan "scrolls" long book Xiangjunzhi was written on demand by Zeng Jize 曾紀澤 and is highly critical especially towards Zeng Guoquan. It is written from the perspective of an eye-witness and is therefore of great value for the study of the history of the suppression of the rebellions of the Taiping and the Nian. The Xiangjunzhi is highly selective and does not provide a comprehensive overview of the war and the history of the Hunan Army.
The book was first printed in Chengdu by the Zunjing Academy 尊經書院 and 1885 in Changsha by the Jiaowei Studio 斠微齋 and in 1886 in Chengdu by the Moxiang Studio 墨香書屋. In 1983 the Yuelu press 岳麓書社 in Changsha published a series called Xiangjunshi zhuankan 湘軍史專刊 containing a faksimile of the 1885 edition of the Xiangjunzhi that was critically compared with the Zunjing edition and an edition from Shanghai in the collection Xiangjun shuilu zhanji 湘軍水陸戰紀.
湖南防守篇 Hunan fangshou The defense of Hunan|
曾軍篇 Zengjun Zeng Guofan's army I
湖北篇 Hubei The province of Hubei
江西篇 Jiangxi The province of Jiangxi I
曾軍後篇 Zengjun houpian Zeng Guofan's army II
水師篇 Shuishi The navy
浙江篇 Zhejiang The province of Zhejiang
江西後篇 Jiangxi houpian The province of Jiangxi II
臨淮篇 Lin Huai Facing River Huai
援江西篇 Yuan Jiangxi Rescuing the province of Jiangxi
援廣西篇 Yuan Guangxi Rescuing the province of Guangxi
援貴州篇 Yuan Guizhou Rescuing the province of Guizhou
援川陜篇 Yuan Chuan-Shaan Rescuing the provinces of Sichuan and Shaanxi
平捻篇 Ping Nian The pacification of the Nian rebels
營制篇 Yingzhi The military system [of the Hunan Army]
籌餉篇等 Chouxiang The supply system [of the Hunan Army]
Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 922.
January 7, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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