Tongzhi tiaoge 通制條格 "Legislative articles from the Comprehensive Regulations" is a collection of jurisdictional edicts and of laws from the Yuan period 元 (1279-1368). It was part of the collection Da-Yuan tongzhi 大元通制 "Comprehensive regulations of the great Yuan dynasty", the law code of the Yuan.
In 1271 Emperor Shizu 元世祖 (Qubilai Qan, r. 1260-1294) decided to discontinue the law of the Jin dynasty 金 (1115-1234) which were still in use until that date and ordered the compilation of a new law code for the Yuan dynasty. Only in 1291 he was able to issue the Zhiyuan xinge 至元新格 "New rules from the Zhiyuan reign-period", although it did not cover all aspects of jurisdiction, especially not those for the provincial administration.
Administrative law was therefore dealt with in case-to-case edicts issued by the emperor. Only when Emperor Renzong 元仁宗 (r. 1311-1320) ascended to the throne he had all edicts collected concerning the field not yet covered by the law code. The decisions in the edicts were revised and amended, but it took a lot of time until Emperor Yingzong 元英宗 (r. 1320-1323) was finally able to issue the complete code Da-Yuan tongzhi in 1323.
This code consists of 88 juan and is modeled after the two law codes of the Jin period, the Taihe lüling 泰和律令 "Criminal and administrative law of the Taihe reign-period" and the Taihe lüyi 泰和律義 "Explanation of the criminal code of the Taihe reign-period".
Unfortunatley the code is lost except the chapter Tongzhi tiaoge which is preserved in fragments as a Ming-period 明 (1368-1644) manuscript with a length of 22 juan. It was published in 1930 by the National Library of Beiping 國立北平圖書館 in Beijing.
The laws do not largely alter that common during the Tang 唐 (618-907), Song 宋 (960-1279) and Jin periods, a fact which shows that the Yuan dynasty perpetuated the legal tradition of the preceding dynasties. Some laws have the character of temporary and case-related regulations but can be used as well as precedents for similar cases. The Tongzhi tiaoge is an important source material for the study of the administrative and social history of the Yuan period.
|戶令||Administration of households|
|學令||Administration of schools|
|選舉||Examination and promotion|
|軍防||Military and defence|
|儀制||The system of rituals|
|祿令||Administration of tallies|
|倉庫||Granaries and arsenals|
|厩牧||Stables and pastures|
|田令||Administration of fields|
|賦役||Tax and corvée|
|關市||Passes and markets|
|捕亡||Arrestation of escaped prisoners|
|賞令||Administration of rewards|
|醫藥||Medicine and pharmacology|
|雜令||Miscellaneous administrative matters|
|僧道||Buddhism and Daoism|