An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History and Literature

Tongjian dawen 通鑒答問

Mar 18, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald

Tongjian dawen 通鑒答問 (通鑑答問) "Answering questions to the Comprehensive Mirror" is an historical critique of Zhu Xi's 朱熹 (1130-1200) history Tongjian gangmu 通鑒綱目 (通鑑綱目). It was written by the late Song-period 宋 (960-1279) scholar Wang Yinglin 王應麟 (1223-1296), who was also the author of the encyclopaedia Yuhai 玉海, the commentary Tongjian dili bushi 通鑒地理補釋, the book Kunxue jiwen 困學紀聞. His collected works are called Shenningji 深寧集.

The 5-juan long Tongjian dawen was published as an appendix to the encyclopaedia Yuhai and is actually only a draft covering the time from King Weilie 周威烈王 (r. 425-402 BCE) of the Zhou dynasty 周 (11th. cent.-221 BC) to Emperor Yuan 漢元帝 (r. 49-33 BCE) of the late Former Han dynasty 前漢 (206 BCE-8 CE), and so only corresponds to a part of Zhu Xi's Tongjian gangmu.

The Tongjian dawen is also included in the imperial series Siku quanshu 四庫全書.

Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰, ed. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, 1519.