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Chinese Literature
Shangshi 尚史

The Four Categories of Literature
Shangshi 尚史 "History of the ancient" is an alternative history of pre-imperial China compiled by the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Li Kai 李鍇. Li Kai used the book Yishi 繹史 by Ma Su 馬驌 to compile a history arranged in the historiographical style of biographic-thematic history (jizhuanti 紀傳體). For this reason, he used the method of copy-and-paste to rearrange the text of the Yishi. The 107 juan "scrolls" long Shangshi includes 1 juan of royal family trees (shixitu 世系圖), 6 juan of royal biographies (benji 本紀), 15 juan of hereditary biographies of the houses of regional rulers (shijia 世家), 58 juan of normal and collective biographies (liezhuan 列傳), six juan of family trees (xi 系), 6 juan of tables (biao 表), 14 juan of treatises (zhi 志), and 1 juan including preface and biography of the author. After each paragraph, Li Kai has added an indication of his sources, as well as a lot of information not recorded in officially acknowledged histories. The book was finished in 1745. The Shangshi is included in the collectanea Siku quanshu 四庫全書. There is a modern publication from 1998 by the Tianjin guji press 天津古籍出版社.

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 930.


March 11, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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