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Qingyuan dangjin 慶元黨禁

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Qingyuan dangjin 慶元黨禁 "The Prohibition of Court Factions during the Qingyuan Reign" is a small collection of biographies written by a Song period 宋 (960-1279) scholar called Qiaosou 樵叟 "Old Woodcutter" from Cangzhou 滄州. The descriptive bibliography Siku quanshu zongmu tiyao believed that the author was identical to that of the text Shaoxing zhenglun 紹興正論 which is not correct according to the research of Li Yumin 李裕民. According to the preface the book was finished in 1245. The short text narrates the prohibition of court factions during the Qingyuan reign 慶元 (1195-1200) of Emperor Ningzong 宋寧宗 (r. 1194-1224). It ranged from the enthronement of Ningzong that was enforced by Zhao Ruyu 趙汝愚 and Han Chazhou 韓侘胄策, and end with the latter's death and the dissolution of his faction. The text includes biographic infomation of 59 persons, for only a part of which an official biography was written in the dynastic history Songshi 宋史. The Qingyuan dangjin is therefore an important source for the history of the factional strives during the Southern Song period.
The book was lost, but the compilers of the Siku quanshu 四庫全書 reconstructed the text on the base of fragments quoted in the Ming period 明 (1368-1644) encyclopedia Yongle dadian 永樂大典. A manuscript from 1896 is owned by the Shanghai Library 上海圖書館. The book is also to be found in the reprint series Zhibuzhai congshu 知不足齋叢書, Biji xiaoshuo daguan 筆記小說大觀 and Congshu jicheng chubian 叢書集成初編.


Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 972.

October 1, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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