An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Manzhou shilu 滿洲實錄

Jul 12, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald

Manzhou shilu 滿洲實錄 (Manchu name Manju-i yargiyan kooli, Mongolian name Manzhiĭn u̇nėn magad khuulʹ) "Veritable records of the Manchus" is a kind of official history of the Manchu state under the rule of Nurhaci (Emperor Taizu 清太祖, r. 1616-1626). The 8-juan long book was compiled following an edict by emperor Huang Taiji (Emperor Taizong 清太宗, r. 1626-1643), to record the history of his father's establishing the Manchu rule in the northwest.

Some material of it, especially the maps illustrating the conquest of China, later found its way into the history Wu Huangdi shilu 武皇帝實錄 "Veritable records of the Martial Emperor [i.e. Nurhaci]". The original text went lost, so that the new version of the Manzhou shilu, compiled under the Qianlong Emperor 乾隆 (r. 1735-1796), was compiled with the help of material from the Wu Huangdi shilu.

While the illustrations of these two chronicles are largely the same, the textual differences to the later official history of the early Manchus, Taizu shilu 太祖實錄 "Veritable records of Emperor Taizu", are very great. The latter is the beginning part of the Da-Qing lichao shilu 大清歷朝實錄 "Veritable records of all rulers of the Great Qing dynasty", shortly called Qingshilu 清實錄.

Gao Wende 高文德, ed. (1995). Zhongguo shaoshu minzu shi da cidian 中國少數民族史大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin jiaoyu chubanshe), 2391.
Shi Zhihong 史志宏 (1992), "Manzhou shilu 滿洲實錄", in Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo lishi 中國歷史 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), Vol. 2, pp. 645 f.
Wu Feng 吳楓, ed. (1987). Jianming Zhonggu guji cidian 簡明中國古籍辭典 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 902.