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Lingwai daida 嶺外代答

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The book Lingwai daida 嶺外代答 "Representative answers from the region beyond the mountains [in the south]" is a geographical treatise by Zhou Qufei 周去非 (12th cent.). Zhou was a local magistrate in China's southwest. He knew Fan Chengda’s 范成大 book Guihai yuheng zhi 桂海虞衡志 "Well-balanced Records of Guihai" about the southern regions, and on his return decided to compile something similar on his own. His book is divided into chapters covering different topics like geography, administation, relations to southern countries, customs of the natives, their legal procedures, materials and commodities, and so on. His book is an important source on society, economy, geography and culture of China's extreme southwest.
Any original editions are lost. Modern editions are based on the version included in the Ming period 明 (1368-1644) encyclopedia Yongle dadian 永樂大典 that also served as the basic version for the Siku quanshu 四庫全書 edition.

1. 地理門 Dili Geography
2. 邊帥門 Bianshuai Border defense
3. 外國門 Waiguo Foreign countries
(4.) □□門 (Title missing in the original) [Defense and Society]
5. 風土門 Fengtu Customs
6. 法制門 Fazhi Law and jurisdiction
7. 財計門 Caiji Economy
8. 器用門 Qiyong Tools
9. 舟楫附 Zhouji Shipping
10. 服用門 Fuyong Clothing
11. 食用門 Shiyong Food
12. 香門 Xiang Fragrances
13. 樂器門 Yueqi Music and instruments
14. 寶貨門 Baohuo Money and currencies
15. 金石門 Jinshi Ores, metals and stones
16. 花木門 Huamu Plants
16a 果實附 Guoshi Fruits (suppl.)
16b 草附 Cao Herbs (suppl.)
17. 禽獸門 Qinshou Birds and beasts
18. 蟲魚門 Chongyu Worms and fish
19. 古蹟門 Guji Places of interest
20. 蠻俗門 Mansu customs of the barbarians
21. 志異門 Zhiyi Popular belief and strange tales

Sources: Guan Lüquan 關履權, Wang Di 王棣 (1992), Lingwai daida 嶺外代答, in Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo lishi 中國歷史 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), Vol. 2, p. 603.

3 July, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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