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Chinese History - Wu Dynasty 吳 (Huainan 淮南; 902-937)

Yang Xingmi 楊行密, regional inspector (cishi 刺史) of Luzhou 廬州 as follower of the military commissioner (jiedushi 節度使) of Huainan 淮南 (north of modern Jiangsu), Gao Pian 高駢, showed his military talent and power during the fights in the Yangtse-Huainan area. In 892 he was installed as military commissioner and engaged in several fieceful campaigns against the empire of Later Liang (Houliang 後梁) in the north and Wu-Yue 吳越 in the southeast. Although the region of the lower Yangtse area is very rich and abundand by natural resources, the permanent warfare contributed to the devastation of this region. From 902 on, when he was officially enfeoffed as king of Wu 吳, he started to reconstruct the economy. After his dead in 905 (posthumous Wu Taizu 吳太祖 - see titles of emperors), his sons and successors were controlled by mighty generals like Zhang Hao 張顥 and Xu Wen 徐溫. Yang Xingmi’s son Yang Pu 楊溥 (posthumous Wu Ruidi 吳睿帝) proclaimed himself emperor in 927. Xu Wen’s son Xu Zhihao 徐知浩 deposed Yang Pu and founded his own dynasty called Qi 齊 (i.e. Southern Tang, Nantang 南唐) in 937.

Rulers of Wu 吳 (Huainan 淮南; 902-937)
Capital: Guangling 廣陵 or Jiangdu 江都 (modern Yangzhou 揚州, Jiangsu)
temple name
-----reign periods
personal name
Wu Taizu 吳太祖 (r. 902-905) Yang Xingmi 楊行密
Wu Liezu 吳烈祖 (r. 905-908) Yang Wo 楊渥
Wu Gaozu 吳高祖 (r. 908-920)
-----Wuyi 武義 919-920
Yang Longyan 楊隆演 (or Ying 瀛, Wei 渭)
Wu Ruidi 吳睿帝 (r. 920-937)
-----Shuyi 順義 921-926
-----Qianzhen 乾貞 927-928
-----Dahe 大和 929-934
-----Tianzuo 天祚 935-937
Yang Fu 楊溥
937 Wu conquered by Southern Tang 南唐.

Zhonguo lishi da cidian bianzuan weiyuanhui 中國歷史大辭典編纂委員會 (ed. 2000), Zhongguo lishi da cidian 中國歷史大辭典, Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe, vol.2, pp. 3336, 3338.

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June 22, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail