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Chinese History - Later Shu Dynasty 後蜀 (934-965)

When the Later Tang (Houtang 後唐) empire conquered Chengdu 成都, military commissioners (jiedushi 節度使) were installed to govern the remote area of modern Sichuan. In 926 commissioner Meng Zhixiang 孟知祥 occupied and reigned this territory, in 934 he was officially given the title King of Shu 蜀 and immediately founded a new dynasty, called Later Shu (Houshu 後蜀). In the same year, he died (posthumous Houshu Gaozu 後蜀高祖 - see titles of emperors) and was followed by his son Meng Chang 孟昶. Meng Chang was able to conquer territories north of Shu because the Jin 晉 empire in the north was shaken by the Khitan (Chinese: Qidan 契丹) intrusion, but these areas were lost back to the following Zhou 周 realm. The long-lasting reign of Meng Chang contributed to the peaceful development of economy and culture in Shu. Wu Zhaoyi 毋昭裔 and Zhao Chongzuo 趙崇祚 compiled the anthology Huajianji 花間集 and promoted the Confucian classics. The Shu empire was conquered by the Song 宋 armies in 965.

Later Shu Dynasty 後蜀 (934-965)
Capital: Chengdu 成都 (modern Chengdu, Sichuan)
temple name
-----reign periods
personal name
Houshu Gaozu 後蜀高祖 (r. 934)
-----Mingde 明德 934-937
Meng Zhixiang 孟知祥
The Last Ruler (Houzhu) of Later Shu 後蜀後主 (r. 934-965)
-----Mingde 明德 934-937
-----Guangzheng 廣政 938-965
Meng Chang 孟昶 (or Renzan 仁贊)
965 Later Shu conquered by Song 宋.

Zhonguo lishi da cidian bianzuan weiyuanhui 中國歷史大辭典編纂委員會 (ed. 2000), Zhongguo lishi da cidian 中國歷史大辭典, Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe, vol.2, pp. 3336, 3338.

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June 22, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail