The house of Xian 先 was a noble family in the state of Jin 晉 during the Spring and Autumn period 春秋 (770-5th cent. BCE). They were descendants of an unknown nobleman from the house of Xi 隰 in the state of Qi 齊 who had abandoned his home state disturbed by power struggles.
The house of Xi was founded by Prince Liao 廖, a son of Duke Zhuang of Qi 齊莊公 (r. 795-731), who was enfeoffed with the town of Xiyin 隰陰. In exile in Jin, Xi Shu 隰叔 was the first family member to become a grand master (dafu 大夫), and was granted the fief of Xian 先. The place name later became the kinsname (shi 氏) of the family, while the actual family name was Jiang 姜.
|Xian Zhen 先軫 (Yuan Zhen 原軫)||Xian You 先友||Xian Danmu 先丹木|
|Xian Qieju 先且居 (Huo Bo 霍伯)||Xian Mie 先蔑 (Shi Bo 士伯)||Xian Mao 先茅|
|Xian Ke 先克||Xian Pu 先僕||Xian Du 先都|
|Xian Gu 先縠 (Yuan Gu 原縠, Zhi zi 彘子)||Xian Xin 先辛|
Sources: Chen Houyao 陳厚耀, Chunqiu Shizu pu 春秋世族譜 (Lianghu Shuyuan edition 兩湖書院正學堂本). Wang Wenyuan 王文源, Chunqiu shizu jilüe 春秋世族輯略.