The House of Xian 先 ( -
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The House of Xian 先

Nov 3, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald

The house of Xian 先 was a noble family in the state of Jin 晉 during the Spring and Autumn period 春秋 (770-5th cent. BCE). They were descendants of an unknown nobleman from the house of Xi 隰 in the state of Qi 齊 who had abandoned his home state disturbed by power struggles.

The house of Xi was founded by Prince Liao 廖, a son of Duke Zhuang of Qi 齊莊公 (r. 795-731), who was made head of the town of Xiyin 隰陰. In exile in Jin, Xi Shu 隰叔 was the first family member to become a grand master (dafu 大夫), and was granted the territory of Xian 先. The place name later became the kinsname (shi 氏) of the family, while the actual family name was Jiang 姜.

Table 1. Genealogy of the house of Xian 先
Affiliation unknown:
Xian Zhen 先軫 (Yuan Zhen 原軫) Xian You 先友 Xian Danmu 先丹木
Xian Qieju 先且居 (Huo Bo 霍伯) Xian Mie 先蔑 (Shi Bo 士伯) Xian Mao 先茅
Xian Ke 先克 Xian Pu 先僕 Xian Du 先都
Xian Gu 先縠 (Yuan Gu 原縠, Zhi zi 彘子) Xian Xin 先辛
Sources: Chen Houyao 陳厚耀, Chunqiu Shizu pu 春秋世族譜 (Lianghu Shuyuan edition 兩湖書院正學堂本). Wang Wenyuan 王文源, Chunqiu shizu jilüe 春秋世族輯略.
Chen Mingyuan 陳明遠, Wang Zonghu 汪宗虎, ed. (1995). Zhongguo xingshi cidian 中國姓氏辭典 (Beijing: Beijing chubanshe), 462.