- An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art
About [Location: HOME > History > Zhou > Rulers]

Chinese History - Zhou Dynasty Rulers

Periods of Chinese History
Zhou Dynasty 周 (11th cent.-221 BCE)
dynastic title personal name time
Yellow Emperor 黃帝
Xuan Ao 玄囂
Jiao Ji 蟜極
Gao Xin 高辛
Hou Ji 后稷 Zhou Qi 周棄 (or Ji Qi 姬棄)
Bu Zhu 不窋
Ju 鞠
Gong Liu 公劉
Qing Jie 慶節
Huang Pu 皇僕
Chai Fu 差弗
Hui Yu 毀渝
Gong Fei 公非
Gao Yu 高圉
Ya Yu 亞圉
Gong Zulei 公祖類
Zhou Taiwang 周太王 Gu Gong Danfu 古公亶父 (Duke Danfu of Gu)
Ji Li 季歷
Zhou Wenwang 周文王, Viscount of the West (Xi Bo 西伯)
Died during the conquest of Shang; inventor of milfoil divination (see Book of Changes)
Ji Chang 姬昌
Western Zhou Dynasty (Xizhou) 西周 (11th cent.-770 BCE)
Capitals: Qishan 岐山 (modern Qishan, Shaanxi), Cheng 程, Feng 豐, Hao 鎬 or Zongzhou 宗周 (near modern Xi'an 西安, Shaanxi); secondary capital Luoyi 洛邑 (modern Luoyang 洛陽, Henan)
Zhou Wuwang 周武王
First ruling king of Zhou, ca. 1050 BC
Ji Fa 姬發 (trad. 1121-1116 BCE)
Zhou Chengwang 周成王
During his youth, he reigned with the help of his uncles, Duke Dan of Zhou 周公旦 and Duke Shi of Shao 召公奭
Ji Song 姬誦 (trad. 1115-1079)
Zhou Kangwang 周康王 Ji Zhao 姬釗 (trad. 1078-1053)
Zhou Zhaowang 周昭王 Ji Xia 姬瑕 (trad. 1052-1002)
Zhou Muwang 周穆王 Ji Man 姬滿 (trad. 1001-947)
Zhou Gongwang 周共王 (i.e. 恭) Ji Yihu 姬繄扈 (trad. 946-935)
Zhou Yiwang (Yihwang) 周懿王 Ji Jian 姬囏 (i.e. 艱) (trad. 934-910)
Zhou Xiaowang 周孝王 Ji Pifang 姬辟方 (trad. 909-895)
Zhou Yiwang 周夷王 Ji Xie 姬燮 (trad. 894-879)
Zhou Liwang 周厲王 Ji Hu 姬胡 r. 878-841 BCE
Interregnum Gonghe 共和 "Common Appeasement" (or: usurper Count He of Gong? 共伯和); the Dukes Zhou of Lu 魯周公 and Shao of Yan 燕召公 rule for the Infant King (r.) 841-828 BCE
Zhou Xuanwang 周宣王 Ji Jing 姬靜 (or 靖) r. 828-782 BCE
Zhou Youwang 周幽王 Ji Gongsheng 姬宮湦 (or Gongnie 宮涅) r. 782-770 BCE
Eastern Zhou Dynasty (Dongzhou) 東周 (770-221 BCE)
Capital: Luoyi 洛邑 or Chengzhou 成周 (modern Luoyang 洛陽, Henan)
Zhou Pingwang 周平王 Ji Yijiu 姬宜臼 r. 770-720 BCE
Zhou Huanwang 周桓王 Ji Lin 姬林 r. 720-697 BCE
Zhou Zhuangwang 周莊王 Ji Tuo 姬佗 r. 697-682 BCE
Zhou Xiwang 周僖王 (i.e. 釐) Ji Huqi 姬胡齊 r. 682-677 BCE
Zhou Huiwang 周惠王 Ji Lang 姬閬 r. 677-652 BCE
Zhou Xiangwang 周襄王 Ji Zheng 姬鄭 r. 652-619 BCE
Zhou Qingwang 周頃王 Ji Renchen 姬壬臣 r. 619-613 BCE
Zhou Kuangwang 周匡王 Ji Ban 姬班 r. 613-607 BCE
Zhou Dingwang 周定王 Ji Yu 姬瑜 r. 607-586 BCE
Zhou Jianwang 周簡王 Ji Yi 姬夷 r. 586-572 BCE
Zhou Lingwang 周靈王 Ji Xiexin 姬泄心 r. 572-545 BCE
Zhou Jingwang 周景王 Ji Gui 姬貴 r. 545-521 BCE
Zhou Daowang 周悼王 Ji Meng 姬猛 r. 521-520 BCE
Zhou Jingwang 周敬王 Ji Gai 姬[勹+亡] (i.e. 丐) r. 520-476 BCE
Zhou Yuanwang 周元王 Ji Ren 姬仁 r. 476-469 BCE
Zhou Zhendingwang 周貞定王 Ji Jie 姬介 r. 469-441 BCE
Zhou Aiwang 周哀王 Ji Qubing 姬去病 r. 441 BCE
Zhou Siwang 周思王 Ji Shu 姬叔 r. 441 BCE
Zhou Kaowang 周考王
-- Xizhou Huangong 西周桓公
Ji Wei 姬嵬
-- Ji Jie 姬揭
Brother of King Kaowang
r. 441-426 BCE
Zhou Weiliewang 周威烈王 Ji Wu 姬午 r. 426-402 BCE
Zhou Anwang 周安王
-- Xizhou Weigong 西周威公
Ji Jiao 姬驕
-- NN
r. 402-376 BCE
Zhou Liewang 周烈王 Ji Xi 姬喜 r. 376-369 BCE
Zhou Xianwang 周顯王
-- Xizhou Huigong 西周惠公
Ji Pian 姬扁
-- NN
r. 369-320 BCE
Zhou Shenjingwang 周慎靚王 Ji Ding 姬定 r. 320-315 BCE
Zhou Nanwang 周赧王 (Yinwang 隱王) Last king of Zhou Ji Yan 姬延 (or Dan 誕) r. 315-256 BCE
-- Xizhou Wugong 西周武公
Dongzhou (Gong 鞏) Huigong 東周惠公
-- Ji Jiu 姬咎
Ji Ban 姬班
Both sons of Xizhou Huigong
The Lord of East Zhou (Dongzhou Jun) 東周君
-- Xizhou Wengong 西周文公
-- NN
r. 255-249 BCE

Zhonguo lishi da cidian bianzuan weiyuanhui 中國歷史大辭典編纂委員會 (ed. 2000), Zhongguo lishi da cidian 中國歷史大辭典, Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe, vol.2, pp. -3310.
Zhongguo da cidian bianzuan chu 中國大辭典編纂處(ed., 1936). Guoyu cidian 國語辭典, vol. 4. Beiping [Beijing]: Shangwu yinshuguan. [Rev. ed. Chongqing 1947]. [For the traditional reign dates.]

2000ff. © Ulrich Theobald · Mail

Map and Geography

Event History

Kings and Rulers

-- Feudal lords

Government and Administration

Literature and Philosophy


Technology and Inventions