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Zhou Dynasty Rulers

Nov 8, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald

Rulers of the Zhou Dynasty 周 (11th cent.-221 BCE)
dynastic title personal name time
Mythological Ancestors
Yellow Emperor 黃帝
Xuan Ao 玄囂
Jiao Ji 蟜極
Gao Xin 高辛 Di Ku 帝嚳
Hou Ji 后稷 Zhou Qi 周棄 (or Ji Qi 姬棄)
Bu Zhu 不窋
Ju 鞠
Gong Liu 公劉
Qing Jie 慶節
Huang Pu 皇僕
Chai Fu 差弗
Hui Yu 毀渝
Gong Fei 公非
Gao Yu 高圉
Ya Yu 亞圉
Gong Zulei 公祖類
The Grand King of Zhou
(Zhou Taiwang 周太王)
Gu Gong Danfu 古公亶父 (Duke Danfu of Gu)
Ji Li 季歷
King Wen of Zhou
(Zhou Wenwang 周文王), Viscount of the West (Xi Bo 西伯)
Ji Chang 姬昌
Western Zhou Dynasty 西周 (11th cent.-770 BCE)
Capitals: Bin 豳 (today's Xunyi 旬邑, Shaanxi), Qishan 岐山 (Qishan, Shaanxi), Cheng 程, Feng 酆, Hao 鎬 or Zongzhou 宗周 (near modern Xi'an 西安, Shaanxi); secondary capital Luoyi 雒邑 (modern Luoyang 洛陽, Henan)
King Wu of Zhou
(Zhou Wuwang 周武王)
Ji Fa 姬發 (trad. 1121-1116 BCE)
King Cheng of Zhou
(Zhou Chengwang 周成王)
Regents Duke Dan of Zhou 周公旦 and Duke Shi of Shao 召公奭
Ji Song 姬誦 (trad. 1115-1079)
King Kang of Zhou
(Zhou Kangwang 周康王)
Ji Zhao 姬釗 (trad. 1078-1053)
King Zhao of Zhou
(Zhou Zhaowang 周昭王)
Ji Xia 姬瑕 (trad. 1052-1002)
King Mu of Zhou
(Zhou Muwang 周穆王)
Ji Man 姬滿 (trad. 1001-947)
King Gong of Zhou
(Zhou Gongwang 周共王, 周恭王)
Ji Yihu 姬繄扈 (trad. 946-935)
King Yi of Zhou
(Zhou Yìwang 周懿王)
Ji Jian 姬囏 (姬艱) (trad. 934-910)
King Xiao of Zhou
(Zhou Xiaowang 周孝王)
Ji Pifang 姬辟方 (trad. 909-895)
King Yi of Zhou
(Zhou Yíwang 周夷王)
Ji Xie 姬燮 (trad. 894-879)
King Li of Zhou
(Zhou Liwang 周厲王)
Ji Hu 姬胡 r. 878-841 BCE
Interregnum (?) Gonghe 共和, or usurper (?) Count He of Gong 共伯和, or regency of the Dukes of Lu-Zhou 魯周公 and Yan-Shao 燕召公
(r.) 841-828 BCE
King Xuan of Zhou
(Zhou Xuanwang 周宣王)
Ji Jing 姬靜 (姬靖) r. 828-782 BCE
King You of Zhou
(Zhou Youwang 周幽王)
Ji Gongsheng 姬宮湦 (or Ji Gongnie 姬宮涅) r. 782-770 BCE
Eastern Zhou Dynasty 東周 (770-221 BCE)
Capital: Luoyi 雒邑 or Chengzhou 成周 (modern Luoyang 洛陽, Henan)
Dukes of West Zhou (西周公) in blue (residence in Henan 河南), lords of East Zhou in red (residence in Gongdi 鞏地)
King Ping of Zhou
(Zhou Pingwang 周平王)
Ji Yijiu 姬宜臼 r. 770-720 BCE
King Huan of Zhou
(Zhou Huanwang 周桓王)
Ji Lin 姬林 r. 720-697 BCE
King Zhuang of Zhou
(Zhou Zhuangwang 周莊王)
Ji Tuo 姬佗 r. 697-682 BCE
King Xi of Zhou
(Zhou Xiwang 周僖王, 周釐王)
Ji Huqi 姬胡齊 r. 682-677 BCE
King Hui of Zhou
(Zhou Huiwang 周惠王)
Ji Lang 姬閬 r. 677-652 BCE
King Xiang of Zhou
(Zhou Xiangwang 周襄王)
Ji Zheng 姬鄭 r. 652-619 BCE
King Qing of Zhou
(Zhou Qingwang 周頃王)
Ji Renchen 姬壬臣 r. 619-613 BCE
King Kuang of Zhou
(Zhou Kuangwang 周匡王)
Ji Ban 姬班 r. 613-607 BCE
King Ding of Zhou
(Zhou Dingwang 周定王)
Ji Yu 姬瑜 r. 607-586 BCE
King Jian of Zhou
(Zhou Jianwang 周簡王)
Ji Yi 姬夷 r. 586-572 BCE
King Ling of Zhou
(Zhou Lingwang 周靈王)
Ji Xiexin 姬泄心 r. 572-545 BCE
King Jing of Zhou
(Zhou Jingwang 周景王)
Ji Gui 姬貴 r. 545-521 BCE
King Dao of Zhou
(Zhou Daowang 周悼王)
Ji Meng 姬猛 r. 521-520 BCE
King Jing of Zhou
(Zhou Jingwang 周敬王)
Ji Gai 姬匄 (姬丐) r. 520-476 BCE
King Yuan of Zhou
(Zhou Yuanwang 周元王)
Ji Ren 姬仁 r. 476-469 BCE
King Zhending of Zhou
(Zhou Zhendingwang 周貞定王)
Ji Jie 姬介 r. 469-441 BCE
King Ai of Zhou
(Zhou Aiwang 周哀王)
Ji Qubing 姬去病 r. 441 BCE
King Si of Zhou
(Zhou Siwang 周思王)
Ji Shu 姬叔 r. 441 BCE
King Kao of Zhou
(Zhou Kaowang 周考王)
Duke Huan of West Zhou
(Xizhou Huangong 西周桓公)
Ji Wei 姬嵬
Ji Jie 姬揭
Brother of King Kao.
r. 441-426 BCE
King Weilie of Zhou
(Zhou Weiliewang 周威烈王)
Ji Wu 姬午 r. 426-402 BCE
King An of Zhou
(Zhou Anwang 周安王)
Duke Wei of West Zhou
(Xizhou Weigong 西周威公)
Ji Jiao 姬驕
NN
r. 402-376 BCE
King Lie of Zhou
(Zhou Liewang 周烈王)
Ji Xi 姬喜 r. 376-369 BCE
King Xian of Zhou
(Zhou Xianwang 周顯王)
Duke Hui of West Zhou
(Xizhou Huigong 西周惠公)
Ji Pian 姬扁
NN
r. 369-320 BCE
King Shenjing of Zhou
(Zhou Shenjingwang 周慎靚王)
Ji Ding 姬定 r. 320-315 BCE
King Nan of Zhou
(Zhou Nanwang 周赧王) or King Yin of Zhou (Zhou Yinwang 周隱王)
Ji Yan 姬延 (or Ji Dan 姬誕) r. 315-256 BCE
Duke Wu of West Zhou
(Xizhou Wugong 西周武公)

Duke Hui of East Zhou
(Dongzhou Huigong 東周惠公), residing in Gong 鞏
Ji Jiu 姬咎
Ji Ban 姬班
Both sons of Xizhou Huigong.
The Lord of East Zhou (Dongzhou Jun) 東周君
Duke Wen of West Zhou (Xizhou Wengong 西周文公)
NN
NN
r. 255-249 BCE
Sources:
Zhonguo lishi da cidian bianzuan weiyuanhui 《中國歷史大辭典》編纂委員會, ed. (2000). Zhongguo lishi da cidian 中國歷史大辭典 (Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe), Vol. 2, 3310.
Zhongguo da cidian bianzuan chu 《中國大辭典》編纂處, ed. (1936). Guoyu cidian 國語辭典 (Beiping [Beijing]: Shangwu yinshuguan. [Rev. ed. Chongqing 1947]), Vol. 4 [For the traditional reign dates.]