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Shusun Wushu 叔孫武叔 Shusun Zhouchou 叔孫州仇

Oct 26, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald

Shusun Zhouchou 叔孫州仇, also called Zi Shusun 子叔孫, posthumous title Wushu Yizi 武叔懿子, Shusun Wushu 叔孫武叔, was a high minister in the state of Lu 魯 during the Spring and Autumn period 春秋 (770-5th cent. BCE). He was the son of Viscount Cheng of Shusun 叔孫成子 and served the dukes Ding 魯定公 (r. 510-495) and Ai 魯哀公 (r. 495-467) of Lu.

He was member of the house of Shusun 叔孫, one of the Three Huan families 三桓 that dominated the fate of Lu. In 502 Shusun Zhouchou participated in the overthrow of the counsellor Yang Hu 陽虎 by the heads of the Three Huan families 三桓, the others being Ji Huanzi 季桓子 and Zhongsun Heji 仲孫何忌 (Meng Yizi 孟懿子). Together with the latter he commanded the siege of the rebellious towns of Hou 郈, Fei 費 and Cheng 成.

In 493, the Three Huan as the highest army commanders of Lu attacked the small fief of Zhu 邾. When the large state of Qi 齊 attacked Lu in 484 Shusun Zhouchou refused to fight against such a strong opponent. He therefore attracted the hatred of Ji Huanzi who entrusted Ran Qiu 冉求 with the highest command of the army. Ran Qiu was indeed able to repell the army of Qi by an audacious charge.

Source:
Xiong Tieji 熊鐵基, Yang Youli 楊有禮, ed. (1994). Zhongguo diwang zaixiang cidian 中國帝王宰相辭典 (Wuhan: Hubei jiaoyu chubanshe), 387.