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Chinese Literature
Shantang sikao 山堂肆考 "Extended Investigations of the Mountain Hall"

The Shantang sikao 山堂肆考 "Extended investigations of the Mountain Hall" is an encyclopedia compiled by the Ming period 明 (1368-1644) scholar Peng Dayi 彭大翼. The 228 juan "scrolls" long book, with a supplement of 12 juan, was finished in 1595. It was soon lost but could be reconstructed by Zhang Youxue 張幼學 who published it in 1619. The book is divided into five parts or collections (ji 集) called according to the five notes of traditional Chinese music (gong 宮, shang 商, jue 角, zheng 徵, and yu 羽). It includes 45 chapters covering various topics following the traditional encyclopedic sections. For each sub-chapter, the compiler has written a short introduction including a list of reference books. The Shantang sikao is based on a large amount of sources, ranging from the Confucian Classics and the histories to anthologies and belles-lettres. The arrangement is very clear, and for each paragraph quoted, the sources are indicated – except some rare examples of negligence. Informations on the state offices, family relationship, or eating and drinking, for example, are distributed over different chapters.
The Shantang sikao was first printed in 1595 by Zhou Xian's 周顯 Jinling Studio 金陵書林 and then in 1619 by Mei Ye's 梅墅 Shiqu Studio 石渠閣. During the Qing period 清 (1644-1911), it was printed by the Wenjin Studio 文錦堂. It is included in the reprint series Siku quanshu 四庫全書.

Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, vol. 2, p. 2048. Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe.
Zhao Hankun 趙含坤 (2005). Zhongguo leishu 中國類書, pp. 246-247. Shijiazhuang: Hebei renmin chubanshe.

宮集 Gongji Section GONG
天文 Tianwen Astronomy
時令 Shiling The seasons
地理 Dili Geography
君道 Jundao The way of the ruler
帝屬 Dishu Imperial affairs
臣職 Chenzhi State offices I
商集 Shangji Section SHANG
臣職 Chenzhi State offices II
仕進 Shijin Official career
科第 Kedi State examinations
學校 Xuexiao Schools
政事 Zhengshi Policy
親屬 Qinshu Relatives I
角集 Jueji Section JUE
親屬 Qinshu Relatives II
人品 Renpin Humankind
形兒 Xinger Shape
性行 Xingxing Nature
文學 Wenxue Literature
字學 Zixue Scholarship
謚法 Shifa Posthumous titles
人事 Renshi Human affairs
誕育 Danyu Education
民業 Minye Professions
徵集 Zhengji Section ZHENG
釋教 Shijiao Buddhism
道教 Daojiao Daoism
神祇 Shenzhi Gods and spirits
仙教 Xianjiao Immortals
鬼怪 Guiguai Spectres and ghosts
典禮 Dianli Rituals
音樂 Yinyue Music
技藝 Jiyi Skills and arts
宮室 Gongshi Palaces and buildings
器用 Qiqong Tools and utensils
珍寶 Zhenbao Jewellery
幣帛 Bibo Money
衣服 Yifu Clothing
飲食; Yinshi Drinking and eating I
羽集 Yuji Section YU
飲食 Yinshi Drinking and eating II
百谷 Baigu The hundred grains
蔬菜 Shucai Vegetables
花品 Huapin Flowers
草卉 Huahui Grasses
果品 Guopin Fruits
樹木 Shumu Trees
羽蟲 Yuchong Feathered animals
毛蟲 Maochong Hairy animals
鱗蟲 Linchong Scaly animals
甲蟲 Jiachong Insects
昆蟲 Kunchong Worms
補遺 Buyi Supplement
Chinese literature according to the four-category system

February 7, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail