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Chinese Literature
Qunshuo kaosuo 群書考索 "Investigative Guide to the Numerous Books"

The Qunshuo kaosuo 群書考索 "Investigative guide to the numerous books" (also written 羣書考索), also known under the name Shantang kaosuo 山堂考索 "Investigative guide from the Shantang Studio", is a political encyclopedia compiled by the Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279) scholar Zhang Ruyu 章如愚, whose style was Master Shantang 山堂先生. The book was finished in 1224 and was 100 juan "scrolls" long, divided into ten fields of study. Prints from the Yuan 元 (1279-1368) and Ming 明 (1368-1644) periods include supplements by later, unknown scholars. The first collection (qianji 前集) is 66 juan long, the second (houji 後集) 65, the third (xuji 續集) 56 juan, and the fourth (bieji 別集) 25 juan, making a total size of 212 juan, divided into 53 fields of study. The reprint series Siku quanshu 四庫全書 contains this enlarged version. Of the original, nothing is left.
The main content of the encyclopedia are topics on statecraft, and it is thefore of great importance for the study of the Song period administration. Because of the compilation history, some matters are dealt with in two places, and some similar themes are included in different sections.
There is the original print from the Song period with 100 juan, a print from the Yanyou reign 延祐 (1314-1320), a print from 1508 by Liu Hong's 劉洪 Shenzhai Studio 慎齋, and the print as part of the reprint series Siku quanshu 四庫全書.

Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, vol. 2, p. 2041. Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe.
Zhao Hankun 趙含坤 (2005). Zhongguo leishu 中國類書, pp. 115-116. Shijiazhuang: Hebei renmin chubanshe.

前集 Qianji Former collection
六經 Liujing The Six Classics
諸子 Zhuzi The (Confucian) Masters
諸經 Zhujing The (other) classics
諸子百家 Zhuzi baijia The hundred schools and masters
韻學 Yunxue Phonetics
字學 Zixue Characters
諸史 Zhushi Historiography
聖翰 Shenghan The holy brush
書目 Shumu Bibliography
文章 Wenzhang Literature
Li Rites
禮器 Liqi Ritual objects
Yue Music
律呂 Lülü Pitch pipes
曆數 Lishu Mathematical astronomy
天文 Tianwen Astronomy
地理 Dili Geography
後集 Houji Later collection
官制 Guanzhi The political system
Guan State officials
Shi The scholars
Bing The military
Min The people
Cai Money
賦稅 Fushui Taxes
財用 Caiyong Materials
刑法 Xingfa Penal law
續集 Xuji Subsequent collection
經籍 Jingji The Classics and other writings
諸史 Zhushi Historiography
文章 Wenzhang Literature
翰墨 Hanmo Brush and ink
律呂 Lülü The pitch pipes
律曆 Lüli Harmony and calendar
五行 Wuxing The Five Agents
Li Rites
Yue Music
封建 Fengjian Titles of nobility
官制 Guanzhi The administrative system
兵制 Bingzhi The military system
財用 Caiyong The use of state revenues
輿地 Yudi Imperial geography
君道 Jundao The way of the ruler
臣道 Chendao The way of the minister
聖賢 Shengxian Saints and worthies
別集 Bieji Separate collection
圖書 Tushu Bibliography
經籍 Jingji The Classics and other writings
諸史 Zhushi Historiography
禮樂 Liyue Ritual music
律曆 Lüli Harmony and calendar
人臣 Renchen The human subjects (i.e. ministers and officials)
Shi Scholars
財用 Caiyong The use of state revenues
兵制 Bingzhi The military system
四裔 Siyi The four barbarians
邊防 Bianfang Border defence
Chinese literature according to the four-category system

December 15, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail