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Chinese Literature
Jizuan yuanhai 記纂淵海 "Profound Ocean of Records and Compilations"

The Jizuan yuanhai 記纂淵海 "Profound ocean of records and compilations" is an encyclopedia compiled by the Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279) scholar Pan Zimu 潘自牧. The book was finished in 1209. It is divided in a first collection (qianji 前集) of 195 juan "scrolls", a second collection (houji 後集) of 125 juan, of which only 95 juan survive, and a supplementary collection (buji 補集). The book was divided into 22 parts covering 1,246 topics, of which in fact only 1,195 topics are treated.
The edition in the reprint series Siku quanshu 四庫全書 has only 100 juan and is based on a version from the Wanli reign 萬曆 (1573-1619). This edition is divided into the chapters "Heaven and astronomy" (Tiandao 天道, 5 juan long), "Earth and geography" (Dili 地理, 20 juan), "human affairs" (Renshi 人事, 64 juan), and "Objects and things" (Wulei 物類, 11 juan). A print from the Song period has 195 juan, a print from the Ming period 明 (1368-1644) with moveable letters has 200 juan. The 100 juan version is generally believed to be the original. In the foreword, Chen Wensui 陳文燧 reports that he had obtained the first part somewhere in Fujian or Sichuan and the second part in Zhejiang, and thereupon unified these two to one book. The Jizuan yuanhai has its strengths in the explanation of general fields, and less in the detailed description of particular issues.
There is a print from 1579 and the edition in the Siku quanshu. In 1988 the Zhonghua shuju press 中華書局 republished the early Song period print.

Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, vol. 2, p. 2040. Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe.
Zhao Hankun 趙含坤 (2005). Zhongguo leishu 中國類書, pp. 116-119. Shijiazhuang: Hebei renmin chubanshe.

The 195 juan version (前集 Qianji Former collection)
1.-36. 論議 Lunyi Discussions
37.-79. 性行 Xingxing Character and comportment
80.-101. 識見 Shijian Introduction and encounters
102.-111. 人倫 Renlun Human relations
112.-115. 人道 Rendao The human way
116.-121. 人情 Renqing Human feelings
122.-135. 人事 Renshi Human affairs
136.-137. 人己 Renji The human self
138. 物理 Wuli The order of things
139.-145. 敘述 Xushu Description
146.-149. 接物 Jiewu Objects
150.-153. 問學 Wenxue Studying
154.-156. 言語 Yanyu Language
157.-159. 政事 Zhengshi Government
160.-165. 名譽 Mingyu Name and fame
166.-170. 著述 Zhushu Writing
171.-175. 生理 Shengli Living patterns
176.-179. 喪紀 Sangji Funerals
180.-182. 兵戎 Bingrong Military affairs
183.-185. 釋 Shi Buddhism
186.-188. 仙道 Xiandao Daoism
189.-195. 閫儀 Kunyi
後集 Houji Later collection
三才 Sancai The Three Talents Heaven, Earth and Man
天文 Tianwen Astronomy
混元 Hunyuan The origin of the cosm
君道 Jundao The way of the ruler
皇親 Huangqin The emperor and his relatives
職官 Zhiguan State offices
時令 Shiling Edicts according to the seaons
祥瑞 Xiangrui Omina and portents
災異 Zaiyi Natural disasters
地理 Dili Geography
郡縣 Junxian Local administration
禮儀 Liyi Rites and etiquette
Yue Music
民業 Minye Professions
技術 Jishu Skills and arts
文房 Wenfang The study
字學 Zixue Writings and characters
果實 Guoshi Fruits
花卉 Huahui Flowers and herbs
Mu Trees
Zhu Bamboos
Qin Birds
Shou Mammals
水族 Shuizu Aquatic animals
Jie Scaly animals
Chong Creeping animals
Chinese literature according to the four-category system

December 15, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail