An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History and Literature

Jiupu 酒譜

Jun 17, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald

There are two different books with the title Jiupu 酒譜. The first was written during the Song period 宋 (960-1279) by Dou Ping (or Pin) 竇蘋, the second one during the Ming period 明 (1368-1644) by Xu Ju 徐炬.

Dou Pin 竇蘋, courtesy name Ziye 子野, hailed from Wenshang 汶上 (modern Wenshang, Shandong), and has also written a book called Xintangshu yinxun 新唐書音訓, a phonetic commentary on the history Xintangshu 新唐書. His Jiupu seems to be not complete, although contemporary bibliographies say that it was very short. The arrangement is quite confused and not very well structured. It consists of a lot of short quotations from ancient literature, beginning with selected terms for alcoholic beverages (Jiuming 酒名) and ends with short quotations from stories about drinking games (Jiuling 酒令). Dou Ping's Jiupu is included in the series Baichuan xuehai 百川學海, Shuofu 說郛, Tang-Song congshu 唐宋叢書, Shanju zazhi 山居雜志, Yimen guangdu 夷門廣牘 and Siku quanshu 四庫全書. There is also a manuscript edition by Master Miao 繆氏 from Jiangyin 江陰 in his collection Yunzizaikan 雲自在龕.

The author of the other Jiupu, Xu Ju, is also a writer of which virtually nothing is known, except that he hailed from Lin'an 臨安 (modern Hangzhou 杭州, Zhejiang) and lived in Nanjing, Jiangsu, during the early Ming period. In his book, he describes different alcoholic beverages and quotes from a lot of poems and essays in which wine plays a role. The author says that he relied on an earlier study of wine by the Tang-period 唐 (618-907) scholar Wang Jing 王璡. The author seems not to have enjoyed a higher education, as the book is full of writing errors, and also of factual mistakes in the quotation of literature. It was therefore not included in the Siku quanshu, nor in other important series. It can, nevertheless, be found in the relatively unknown collection Shanju zazhi 山居雜志.

Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文郁, eds. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 2, 1861.
蜀漢 (221-263)