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Dainange congshu 岱南閣叢書

Apr 20, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald

Dainange congshu 岱南閣叢書 "Collectanea from the Hall South of Mt. Taishan" is a series of collectanea (congshu 叢書) compiled by the Qing-period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Sun Xingyan 孫星衍 (1753-1818). It includes 20 books with a total length of 163 juan.

Sun Xingyan was not only known as a writer mentioned together with Hong Liangji 洪亮吉 (1746-1809), Huang Jingren 黃景仁 (1749-1783) or Yang Fangcan 楊芳燦 (1753-1815), but also as a Confucian scholar studying the ancient Classics from the phonological and etymological aspect. He presided the Pure Society for the Study of the Classics (Gujing Jingshe 詁經精舍) and the Zhongshan Academy 鐘山書院 and was also a famous collector of books. Sun Xingyan wrote the commentaries Shangshu gujinwen zhushu 尚書古今文注疏, Zhouyi jijie 周易集解 and Yanzi chunqiu yinyi 晏子春秋音義, and has published the series Dainange congshu and Pingjinguan congshu 平津館叢書.

The title of the Dainange congshu is derived from the fact that the compiled lived south of Mt. Taishan 泰山 (also called Daizong 岱宗). There are actually two versions of the collection available, one including 16 books published in two prints during the Qianlong 乾隆 (1736-1795) and Jiaqing 嘉慶 (1796-1820) reign-periods, and one including 4 books. The twenty books of the series include writings by Sun Xingyan himself as well as some books printed in an excellent quality and therefore with a reliable wording, like Ma Rong's 馬融 (79-166 CE) and Zheng Xuan's 鄭玄 (127-200) commentaries on the old-text Shangshu 古文尚書 or Du Yu's 杜預 (222-284) commentary Chunqiu shili 春秋釋例. Sun Xingyan himself had collected fragments of old texts, like the dictionary Cangjiepian 蒼頡篇 or the story Yandanzi 燕丹子.

The Dainange congshu is one of the best and textually reliably series. The 16-books version was reprinted in 1924 by the Bogu Studio 博古齋 in Shanghai as a facsimile of the original from the Qianlong reign-period. The 4-books version was printed in 1798.

Table 1. The series Dainange congshu 岱南閣叢書
(Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan (comp.)
1785-1809 edition by Master Shun from Lanling 蘭陵孫氏; facsimile from 1924 by Shanghai Buguzhai Studio 上海博古齋
書名, length in juan Title Author(s)
古文尚書 十卷
(附)尚書逸文 二卷
尚書篇目表
Guwen shangshu
app. Shangshu yiwen
Shangshu pianmu biao
(Han) 馬融 Ma Rong, 鄭玄 Zheng Xuan (comm.); (Song) 王應麟 Wang Ying (comp.); (Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan (add.); 江聲 Jiang Sheng (add.)
春秋釋例 十五卷 Chunqiu shili (Jin) 杜預 Du Yu; (Qing) 莊述祖 Zhuang Shuzu, Sun Xingyan 孫星衍 (comm.)
蒼頡篇 三卷 Cangjiepian (Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan (comp.)
燕丹子 三卷 Yandanzi (Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan (comp.)
鹽鐵論 十卷
(附)考證
Yantielun
app. Kaozheng
(Han) 桓寬 Huan Kuan; (Qing) 張敦仁 Zhang Dunren
孫子十家注 (孫子兵法) 十三卷
(附)孫子遺說 一卷
孫子敘錄 一卷
Sunzi shijia zhu (Sunzi bingfa)
app. Sunzi yishuo
Sunzi xulu
(Song) 吉天保 Ji Tianbao, 鄭友賢 Zheng Youxian (comp.); (Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan, 吳人驥 Wu Renji (comm.), 畢以珣 Bi Yixun (comp.)
元和郡縣圖志 四十卷
闕卷逸文 一卷
Yuanhe junxian tuzhi
Quejuan yiwen
(Tang) 李吉甫 Li Jifu; (Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan (comp.)
括地志 八卷 Kuodizhi (Tang) 李泰 Li Tai etc.; (Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan (comp.)
故唐律議 三十卷
(附)釋文纂例
Gu Tang lü yi
app. Shiwen zuanli
(Tang) 長孫無忌 Zhangsun Wuji etc.; (Yuan) 王元亮 Wang Yuanliang (comm.)
宋提刑洗冤集錄 五卷
(附)聖朝頒降新例
Song tixing xianyuan jilu
app. Shengchao banjiang xinli
(Song) 宋慈 Song Ci, (Yuan) NN
古文苑 九卷 Guwenyuan (Song) NN
問字堂集 六卷 Wenzitang ji (Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan
岱南閣集 二卷 Dainange ji (Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan
泲上停雲集 Jishangting yunji (Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan
平津館文稿 二卷 Pingjinguan wengao (Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan
五松園文稿 Wusongyuan wengao (Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan
嘉穀堂集 Jiagutang ji (Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan
岱南閣叢書 Dainange congshu
(Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan (comp.)
嘉慶三年蘭陵孫氏沇州刊本 Print in Weizhou by Master Sun from Lanling from 1798
周易口訣義 六卷 Zhouyi koujue yi (Tang) 史徵 Shi Zheng
夏小正傳 二卷 Xia xiaozheng zhuan (Han) 戴得 Dai De; (Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan (comm.)
急就章考異 一卷 Jijiuzhang kaoyi (Qing) 孫星衍 Sun Xingyan
王無功集 (東臯子集) 三卷
補遺 二卷
Wang Wugong ji (Donggaozi ji)
Buyi
(Tang) 王績 Wang Ji
Sources:
Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰, ed. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 2, 2081.
Shanghai tushuguan 上海圖書館, ed. (1982). Zhongguo congshu zonglu 中國叢書綜錄 (Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe), Vol. 1, 147-148.