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Lianshi 奩史

Jun 20, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald

Lianshi 奩史 "History of the toilet case" is an encyclopaedia about women compiled by the Song-period 宋 (960-1279) scholar Ding Shengzhi 丁升之.

It is 100-juan long and assembles material about all aspects of the life of women in traditional China. The book is arranged very clearly and indicates all sources. It was published in 1996 by the Shumu Wenxian Press 書目文獻出版社, together with the contemporary encyclopaedia Hunli xinbian 婚禮新編. There is a print from 1797 by the Guxiang Studio 古香堂. The Lianshi is included in the series Xuxiu siku quanshu 續修四庫全書.

There is a short supplement compiled during the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) by Wang Chutong 王初桐 (1729-1821) called Lianshi shiyi 奩史拾遺.

Table 1. Contents of the Lianshi 奩史
1.-4. 夫婦門 Husband and wife
5.-8. 婚姻門 Matrimony
9.-13. 統係門 (Public) relationships
14.-18. 眷屬門 Kinship
19.-20. 妾婢門 Secondary wives and servant girls
21.-24. 娼妓門 Singsong girls
25.-31. 肢體門 Limbs and body
32.-35. 容貌門 Appearance
36.-39. 性情門 Character
40. 蠶織門 Spinning and weaving
41. 針線門 Needlework
42. 井臼門 Homework
43.-48. 文墨門 Writing
49.-51. 幹略門 Physical abilities
52. 技藝門 Skills
53.-55. 音樂門 Music
56. 姓名門 Name and family name
57.-59. 事為門 Activities through the years
60. 誕育門 Giving birth and raising children
61. 術業門 Female professions
62.-64. 衣裳門 Robes and garments
65.-66. 冠帶門 Headgear and girdles
67. 襪履門 Footwear
68.-70. 釵釧門 Adornments
71.-73. 梳粧門 Dress, makeup, and hygiene
74. 脂粉門 Rouge and powder
75.-76. 宮室門 Buildings
77. 狀第門 Tents, covers, and mats
78.-83. 衣食門 Clothing and food
84.-86. 器用門 Tools and utensils
87. 綺羅門 Silk and brocade
88.-89. 珠寶門 Jewellery
90.-91. 蘭麝門 Perfumes and odours
92.-93. 花木門 Flowers and trees
94.-96. 禽蟲門 Birds and vermins
97.-100. 仙佛門 Daoism and Buddhism
Sources:
Dong Qing 董青 (2014). "Changji bianyi chenggwei chutan: Yi Lianshi Changji men wei zhu 倡妓貶義稱謂初探——以《奩史·倡妓門》為主", Chizi (zhongxun) 赤子(中旬), 2014 (6).
Guo Hai 郭海文, Wang Jiyu 王霽鈺 (2017). "Lianshi suo jian toushi kao 《奩史》所見到頭飾考", Xueshu jiaoliu 學術交流, 2017 (11).
Li Yonghu 李永祜, ed. (1994). Lianshi xuanzhu: Zhongguo gudai funü shenghui daguan 奩史選注——中國古代婦女生活大觀 (Beijing: Zhongguo renmin daxue chubanshe).
Zang Jian 臧健 (1994). "Lianshi: Gudai funü shenghuo de baike quanshu 奩史——古代婦女生活的百科全書", Zhongguo dianji yu wenhua 中國典籍與文化, 1994 (8).
Zhao Hankun 趙含坤, ed. (2005). Zhongguo leishu 中國類書 (Shijiazhuang: Hebei renmin chubanshe), 145, 483.
Zhang Yu 張彧 (2017). "Lianshi Fenzhi men yu Zhongguo funü huazhuang xisu 《奩史·脂粉門》與中國婦女化妝習俗", Qingyuan Zhiye Jishu Xueyuan xuebao 清遠職業技術學院學報, 2017 (7).