An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Zhao Su 趙夙

Oct 26, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald

Zhao Su 趙夙 was one of the ancestors of the house of Zhao 趙 that rose from a vassal of the state of Jin 晉 to an independent state during the late Spring and Autumn period 春秋 (770-5th cent. BCE).

Zhao Su was a fifth-generation descendant of Shu Dai 叔帶, who was himself a descendant of Zao Fu 造父, who had lived during the reign of King You 周幽王, the last ruler of the Western Zhou period 西周 (11th cent.-770 BCE), and had decided to become a vassal of Jin rather than of the licentious King You.

Shu Dai was allowed by the duke of Jin to bear the family name Zhao, which was borrowed from the name of the territory of Shu Dai, Zhaocheng 趙城 or Zhaoyuan 趙原. In 660, Duke Xian of Jin 晉獻公 (r. 677-651) entrusted Zhao Su with the attack on the three small territories of Huo 霍, Wei 魏 and Geng 耿. As a reward, Zhao Su was presented the territory of Geng. This was the formal beginning of the family Zhao being vassals to the state of Jin.

Zhang Huizhi 張撝之, Shen Qiwei 沈起煒, Liu Dezhong 劉德重, ed. (1999). Zhongguo lidai renming da cidian 中國歷代人名大辭典 (Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe), Vol. 2, 1469, 1628.