An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Yangshe Hu 羊舌虎

Nov 2, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald

Yangshe Hu 羊舌虎 (died 552 BCE), personal name Ji Hu 姬虎, courtesy name Shu Hu 叔虎, Shu Mo 叔墨 or Shu Biao 叔羆, was a nobleman in the state of Jin 晉 during the Spring and Autumn period 春秋 (770-5th cent. BCE), and a member of the house of Yangshe 羊舌.

He was a younger brother of Yangshe Xi 羊舌肸 (Shuxiang 叔向), yet born by another wife. Xi's mother vehemently protested that her husband promoted Hu's mother to secondary wive, yet her own son remonstrated against her demand, and Yangshe Hu as a handsome and brave boy won the favour of his father. Xi's mother therefore predicted misfortune for the house of Yangshe.

As a matter of fact, the lord of Yangshe became a partisan of the nobleman Luan Ying 欒盈 whose machinations in the politics of the dukedom of Jin ended in his expatriation by Fan Xuanzi 范宣子 (Shi Gai 士匄). While Luan Ying went into exile in the state of Chu 楚, the house of Yangshe was annihilated.

Cang Xiuliang 倉修良, ed. (1991). Shiji cidian 史記辭典 (Jinan: Shandong jiaoyu chubanshe), 189.:
Zhang Weizhi 張撝之, Shen Qiwei 沈起煒, Liu Dezhong 劉德重, ed. (1999). Zhongguo lidai renming da cidian 中國歷代人名大辭典 (Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe), Vol. 1, 407.