Tian Jingzhong 田敬仲 (750-? BCE), also called Chen Wan 陳完, was a member of the house of Chen 陳 during the early Spring and Autumn period 春秋 (770-5th cent. BCE). He was the son of Duke Li 陳厲公 (r. 706-700). When Gui Lin 嬀林, known as Duke Zhuang 陳莊公 (r. 699-693), killed Duke Li and usurped the throne, Chen Wan was degraded from heir apparent to grand master (dafu 大夫). He later was able to become friends with Prince Yukou 御寇, but Wan's fortunes were terminated when Yukou was killed by Duke Xuan 陳宣公 (r. 692-648). Wan left Chen and took refuge in the state of Qi 齊, whose ruler, Duke Huan 齊桓公 (r. 685-643), immediately wanted to employ him as minister (qing 卿). Wan refused and was thereupon rewarded with the fief of Tian 田, a place which also gave him his new family name. He is the ancestor of the house of Tian, which should eventually replace the old ruling house of Qi Taigong 齊太公.|
Source: Cang Xiuliang 倉修良 (ed. 1991). Shiji cidian 史記辭典, p. 511. Jinan: Shandong jiaoyu chubanshe.
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