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The House of Qi 祁

Nov 3, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald

The house of Qi 祁, also written 祈, was a noble family in the state of Jin 晉 during the Spring and Autumn period 春秋 (770-5th cent. BCE).

The family descended from Marquis Xian of Jin 晉獻侯 (r. 823-812) and therefore bore the family name of Ji 姬. Qi Xi was the first family member elevated to the rank of grand master (dafu 大夫) over the territory of Qi 祁 (modern Qixian 祁縣, Shanxi). The name of the land was later used as a kinsname (shi 氏). The family had many branches like the kinsgroup Qicheng 祁成氏 or Qiye 祈夜氏 (also written Qiyi 祈射).

The most important members of the house of Qi were:


Qi Xi 祁奚 (祈奚)
Qi Wu 祁午 (祈午)
Qi Ying 祁盈 (祈盈)
Source:
Chen Mingyuan 陳明遠, Wang Zonghu 汪宗虎, ed. (1995). Zhongguo xingshi cidian 中國姓氏辭典 (Beijing: Beijing chubanshe), 334.