ChinaKnowledge.de -
An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Bao Yuan 暴鳶

Mar 6, 2019 © Ulrich Theobald

Bao Yuan 暴鳶, also written Bao Yuan 暴䳒, Bao Jie 暴截 oder Baozi 暴子, was a general of the state of Han 韓 during the Warring States period 戰國 (5th cent.-221 BCE).

In 301, he participated in a joint battle with Qi 齊 (commanded by Kuang Zhang 匡章, also called Zhangzi 章子) and Wei 魏 (commanded by Gongsun Xi 公孫喜) against the army of Chu 楚. The allies defeated the general of Chu, Tang Mei 唐眜, at Chuisha 垂沙, a point where Chu had erected a long defense wall (fangcheng 方城, close to Nanyin 南陰, Henan).

In 275, when Wei was attacked by Qin 秦, Bao Yuan commanded a relief army to repel the invader Qin under the command of Marquis Rang 穰侯 close to Daliang 大梁 (Kaifeng 開封, Henan), the capital of Wei, but Bao Yuan was defeated and lost 40,000 troops. Wei had to cede eight towns to Qin. A year later, Marquis Rang attacked once more, and again defeated the allies Wei and Qi. The kingdom of Han changed sides when attacked by Zhao 趙 and Wei in 273. This time, it was supported by the army of Qin under the command of Bai Qi 白起 and Hu Yang 胡陽. In the battle of Huayang 華陽 (today's Zhengzhou 鄭州, Henan), Qin forced general Mang Ang 芒卯 of Wei to flee, and destroyed its army of 130,000 men.

Sources:
An Weibin 安維濱, Sun Hongzhang 孫鴻章, ed. (1993). Zhong-wai zhandian 中外戰典 (Beijing: Zhongyang mingzu xueyuan chubanshe), 358.
Huang Huixian 黃惠賢, ed. (1997). Ershiwushi renming da cidian 二十五史人名大辭典 (Zhengzhou: Zhongzhou guji chubanshe), Vol. 1, 21.
Lei Jinfang 雷近芳 (1992). "Chuisha zhi zhan 垂沙之戰", in Chen Xiansi 陳顯泗, ed. Zhong-wai zhanzheng zhanyi da cidian 中外戰爭戰役大辭典 (Changsha: Hunan chubanshe), 13.
Wang Songling 王松齡, ed. (1991). Shiyong Zhongguo lishi zhishi cidian 實用中國歷史知識辭典 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 123.
Yang Qingwang 楊慶旺, Ha Hua 哈鏵, ed. (1987). Zhongguo junshi zhishi cidian 中國軍事知識辭典 (Beijing: Huaxia chubanshe), 705.
Zhang Ke 張克, Huang Kangbo 黃康白, Huang Fangdong 黃方東, ed. (1991). Shiji renwu cidian 史記人物辭典 (Nanning: Guangxi renmin chubanshe), 195.