An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Ruoqiang 婼羌

Oct 16, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald

The state of Ruoqiang 婼羌 was located on the southern route of the Silk Road, in the area of modern Ruoqiang, Xinjiang. Its inhabitants were pastoral nomads and often relied on grain imports from Shanshan 鄯善 or Qiemo 且末. Yet there were iron ores in the region, and the blacksmiths of Ruoqiang were famous for their weapons. During the Former Han period 前漢 (206 BCE-8 CE) Ruoqiang had only 1,750 inhabitants.

Li Kai 李愷 (1994). "Ruoqiang 婼羌", in Xue Li 雪犁, Li Kai 李愷, Qian Boquan 錢伯泉, ed. Zhongguo sichou zhi lu cidian 中國絲綢之路辭典 (Ürümqi: Xinjiang renmin chubanshe), 22.