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Peng Zhongshuang 彭仲爽

Oct 26, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald

Peng Zhongshuan 彭仲爽 was senior minister (lingyin 令尹) in the state of Chu 楚 during the Spring and Autumn period 春秋 (770-5th cent. BCE).

He was originally a war prisoner captured when King Wen of Chu 楚文王 (r. 690-677) conquered the statelet of Shen 申, and was appointed chief minister when he suggested to the king transforming the territories of Shen and Mie 滅 into the districts (xian 縣) Shen and Xi 息, directly administered by the central government, instead of rendering them as fiefs to a prince or vassal. These two districts were fortified and served as important bases for the military campaigns against the north.

Source:
Xiong Tieji 熊鐵基, Yang Youli 楊有禮, ed. (1994). Zhongguo diwang zaixiang cidian 中國帝王宰相辭典 (Wuhan: Hubei jiaoyu chubanshe), 409.