An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Liangqiu He 梁丘賀

Feb 18, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald

Liangqiu He 梁丘賀, courtesy name Zhangweng 長翁, was a Confucian scholar of the Former Han period 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE) and founder of the school of the Liangqiu interpretation of the new-text version of the Confucian Classic Yijing 易經 "Book of Changes".

He hailed from Langya 琅琊 (modern Zhucheng 諸城, Shandong) and was a disciple of Jing Fang 京房 and Tian Wangsun 田王孫, together with Shi Chou 施讎 and Meng Xi 孟喜. During the reign of Emperor Xuan 漢宣帝 (r. 74-49 BCE) he became a court gentleman (lang 郎) as a retainer of the eminent Yijing erudite Jing Fang 京房 and was, after an oracle produced by the emperor, granted the title of Superior grand master of the palace (taizhong dafu 太中大夫) and appointed to the posts of palace steward (jishizhong 給事中) and Chamberlain for the palace revenue (shaofu 少府).

In this influential position Liangqiu He attracted a lot of disciples asking for instruction in the "Book of Changes". The specialty of his interpretation was the correlation of the eight trigrams in the "Book of Changes" with numerology (xiangshu 象數) and the concept of Yin and Yang 陰陽 as factors reflecting the performance of politics by auspicious or inauspicious phenomena.

Liangqiu He's own writings are not presereved except some fragments of the Zhouyi Liangqiushi zhangju 周易梁丘氏章句 included in the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Ma Guohan's 馬國翰 series Yuhan shanfang jiyi shu 玉函山房輯佚書.

Sheng Guangzhi 盛廣智, Gao Liushui 高流水 (1996). "Liangqiu He 梁丘賀", in Feng Kezheng 馮克正, Fu Qingsheng 傅慶升, ed. Zhuzi baijia da cidian 諸子百家大辭典 (Shenyang: Liaoning renmin chubanshe), 55.