ChinaKnowledge.de - An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art
About [Location: HOME > History > Republic > Provincial Governors > Shandong]


Chinese History - Military and Civilian Governors of Shandong 1911-1949

Periods of Chinese History
Military and civil governors of other provinces.

Governors of Shandong Province 山東
Zhang Guangjian 張廣建
Provincial governor (xunfu 巡撫) since XT 3/10
Head of military government
Head of civil government
Sun Baoqi 孫寶琦
Provincial military governor (dudu 都督)
Nov 11,1911-(Mar 15,1912) -- --
Hu Ying 胡瑛 Nov 1911-Mar 19,1912 -- --
Zhang Guangjian 張廣建 Mar 15-28,1912 -- --
Zhou Ziqi 周自齊
Before accession repr. by Yu Zeda 余則達.
Aug 18-Sep 17,1913 repr. by Jin Yunpeng 靳雲鵬
Mar 28,1912-Aug 18,1913 Zhou Ziqi 周自齊
Head of civil government (minzhengzhang 民政長)
Jan 10-Aug 18,1913
Jin Yunpeng 靳雲鵬 (acting Sep 17,1913-Jun 30,1914)
Provincial general (jiangjun 將軍) from Jun 30,1914
Sep 17,1913-May 30,1916 Tian Wenlie 田文烈 (acting Aug 18-Dec 24,1913) Aug 18,1913-Feb 11,1914
Gao Jingqi 高景祺 Feb 11-May 9,1914
Cai Rukai 蔡儒楷 Before accession repr. by Gong Jibing 龔積柄
Pacification commissioner (xun'anshi 巡按使) from May 23, 1914
May 9,1914-Jul 6,1916
Zhang Huaizhi 張懷芝 (acting May 30-Jul 6,1916)
Governor-military (dujun 督軍) from Jul 6,1916
Proclamation of independence May 31,1917
Jun 20-Nov 1,1918 replaced by Zhang Shuyuan 張樹元
May 30,1916-Jun 20,1918 Sun Faxu 孫發緒 (acting)
Provincial head (shengzhang 省長) from Jul 6,1916
Jul 6-Oct 7,1916
Zhang Huaizhi 張懷芝
Jun 28-Nov 1,1918 repr. by Zhang Shuyuan 張樹元
Oct 7,1916-Jun 27,1918
Zhang Shuyuan 張樹元 (acting Jun 28-Mar 14,1919) Nov 1,1918-Dec 26,1919 Zhang Shuyuan (acting) Nov 1,1918-Feb 12,1919
Shen Mingchang 沈銘昌 Feb 12-Jul 27,1919
Qu Yingguang 屈映光 (acting) Jul 27-Dec 26,1919
Tian Zhongyu 田中玉 Dec 26,1919-Oct 15,1923 Tian Zhongyu 田中玉 Dec 26,1919-Jun 24,1920
Qi Yaoshan 齊耀珊
Before accession repr. by Tian Zhongyu
Jun 24-Oct 20,1920
Tian Zhongyu (2nd time, acting) Oct 20,1920-Apr 5,1922
Han Guojun 韓國鈞 Apr 5-Jun 15,1922
Wang Hu 王瑚 Jun 15-Sep 30,1922
Xiong Bingqi 熊炳琦 Nov 14,1924-Feb 11,1925 repr. by Gong Jibing 龔積炳 Sep 30,1922-Nov 14,1924
Zheng Shiqi 鄭士琦
Provincial supervisor remeding military affairs (duli junwu shanhou shiyi 督理軍務善後事宜) from Oct 15,1923; Provincial superintendant (duban 督辦) from Jan 16,1925
Oct 15,1923-Apr 24,1925
Gong Jibing 龔積炳 Feb 11-Jul 8,1925
Zhang Zongchang 張宗昌 Apr 24,1925-May 3,1928 Zhang Zongchang
Apr 5,1926-Mar 20,1928 represented by Lin Xianzu 林憲祖
Jul 8,1925-Mar 20,1928
Lin Xianzu 林憲祖 Mar 20,1928-May 3,1928
Provincial Chairman (sheng zhuxi 省主席)
Sun Liangcheng 孫良誠
May 28-Oct 1,1928 represented by Shi Jingting 石敬亭
May 21,1928-Apr 27,1929
Chen Diaoyuan [Tiaoyuan] 陳調元 (representing May 3-18,1929) May 3,1929-Jul 8,1930
Han Fuqu 韓復榘 Sep 12,1930-Jan 23,1938
Shen Honglie 沈鴻烈
Usurpers: Ma Liang 馬良 Mar 5,1938-Mar 1940 (acting; appointed by Usurpatorious governments in Nanjing)
Provincial head (shengzhang 省長)
Tang Yangshe 唐仰社 Mar 1940-Feb 20,1945
Jan 23,1938-Jan 9,1942
Mou Zhongheng 牟中珩 Jan 9,1942-Dec 30,1944
He Siyuan 何思源
Usurper: Yang Minxun 楊敏珣 Feb 20,1945-
Dec 30,1944-Oct 23,1946
Wang Yaowu 王曜武 Oct 23,1946-Nov 30,1948
Qin Dechun 秦德純 Nov 30,1948-

Sources: Zhang Pengyuan 張朋園, Shen Huaiyu 沈懷玉 (ed. 1987), Guomin zhengfu zhiguan nianbiao 國民政府職官年表 (1925-1949) (Taibei: Zhongyang yanjiuyuan/Jindaishi yanjiusuo). ● Liu Guoming 劉國銘 (ed. 1989), Zhonghua minguo guomin zhengfu junzheng zhiguan renwu zhi 中華民國國民政府軍政職官人物志 (Beijing:Chunqiu chubanshe). ● Liu Shoulin 劉壽林 et al. (ed. 1995), Minguo zhiguan biao 民國職官年表 (Beijing: Zhonghua shuju).

2000 ff. © Ulrich Theobald · Mail

Map and Geography


Event History


Political leadership

-- Provincial governors
-- Warlord Cliques

Government and Administration


Literature and Philosophy


Religion


Technology and Inventions


Economy


Arts