Xiahou Ying 夏侯嬰 (died 172 BCE) was a high minister of the early Former Han period 前漢 (206 BC-8 CE). He came from Pei 沛 (modern Peixian 沛縣, Jiangsu) and was well known to Liu Bang 劉邦, the eventual founder of the Han dynasty. From the beginning he followed Liu Bang in his campaigns against the Qin dynasty 秦 (221-206 BCE) and then against the hegemonial king Xiang Yu 項羽. After Liu Bang was made king of Han 漢 by Xiang Yu, Xiahou Ying was enfeoffed as Marquis of Zhaoping 昭平侯, after Liu Bang's accession to the imperial throne as Marquis of Ruyin 汝陰侯. He served Emperor Hui 漢惠帝 (r. 195-188) and Empress Dowager Lü 呂太后 (r. 188-180 BCE) but took part in the annihilation of the family Lü after the Empress Dowager's death. Xiahou Ying was made Chamberlain for the imperial stud (taipu 太僕) of Emperor Wen 漢文帝 (r. 180-157), a position in which he died. His posthumous title is Marquis Wen of Ruyin 汝陰文侯. He is also known with the name of Master Teng 滕公 because he once had been magistrate (ling 令) of Teng.|
Cang Xiuliang 倉修良 (1991). Shiji cidian 史記辭典, p. 400. Jinan: Shandong jiaoyu chubanshe.
Cang Xiuliang 倉修良 (1996). Hanshu cidian 漢書辭典, p. 543. Jinan: Shandong jiaoyu chubanshe.
Important Chinese of the...
age of mythology and early history (-11th cent. BCE)
Zhou period (11th cent.-221 BCE) and the state of Qin (3rd cent.-206 BCE)
Han period (206 BCE-220 CE)
age of division (220-581)
Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties periods (581-960)
Song, Liao and Jin dynasties (960-1279)
Yuan period (1279-1368)
Ming period (1368-1644)
Qing period (1644-1911)
Republican period (1911-1949)
People's Republic and Taiwan (since 1949)