An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History and Literature

Pei Qian 裴潛

Jun 2, 2016 © Ulrich Theobald

Pei Qian 裴潛, courtesy name Wenxing 文行, was a high official of the Wei period 曹魏 (220-265).

He hailed from Wenxi 聞喜 in the commandery of Hedong 河東 (today in Shanxi) and fled during the last decades of the Eastern Han period 東漢 (25-220 CE) to central China, where he served the local warlord Liu Biao 劉表. When Cao Cao 曹操 had conquered the region, Pei Qian became military aide to the Counsellor-in-chief (can chengxiang junshi 參丞相軍事). The warlord made him later governor (taishou 太守) of the commandery of Daijun 代郡. Pei Qian successfully defended the region against the attacks of the steppe tribes of the Wuhuan 烏丸 and forced their chieftains to render their booty.

Emperor Ming 魏明帝 (r. 226-239 CE) of the Wei dynasty gave him the title of Neighbourhood Marquis of Qingyang 清陽亭侯 and appointed him Director of the Imperial Secretariat (shangshu ling 尚書令). His posthumous title was Marquis Zhen 貞侯.

Zhang Shunhui 張舜徽, ed. (1992). Sanguozhi cidian 三國志辭典 (Jinan: Shandong jiaoyu chubanshe), 565.