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Persons in Chinese History - Cao Zhang 曹彰 and Cao Xiong 曹熊

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Cao Zhang 曹彰 (189–223), courtesy name Ziwen 子文, was the second son of son of the warlord Cao Cao 曹操 and his main consort Ms Bian 卞太后. His father used to call him the "yellow-bearded son" (huangran er 黃髯兒). As a small boy he was good in archery and charioteering, stronger than his friends, with a strong will and not avoiding dangers and hardship. In 216 he was enfeoffed as Marquis of Yanling 鄢陵侯. Two years later the tribes of the Wuhuan 烏丸 in the commandery of Daijun 代郡 rose in rebellion, whereupon Cao Zhang was appointed commander of the north (bei zhonglangjiang 北中郎將), acting as general of the courageous guard (xiaoji jiangjun 驍騎將軍). His fierce attack pacified the whole northern border region. When Cao Cao returned from Chang'an 長安 to the east, he made his son Zhang *general of the superior guard (yueji jiangjun 越騎將軍) and entrusted him with the military protection of the western metropolitan region. Arrived in Luoyang 洛陽, Cao Cao fell ill and informed Zhang, but soon passed away. Cao Zhang and the other noblemen and generals travelled to the court to pay homage to Zhang's older brother Cao Pi 曹丕, who was now king of Wei (and eventually Emperor Wen 魏文帝, r. 220-226). In 221 Cao Zhang was elevated to the status of duke (gong 公), and a year later was enfeoffed as Prince of Wencheng 任城. During a visit to the court in 223 he died. His posthumous title is Prince Wei 任城威王.

Sources: Zhang Shunhui 張舜徽 (ed. 1992), Sanguozhi cidian 三國志辭典 (Jinan: Shandong jiaoyu chubanshe), p. 409. ● Chang Cang 昌滄, Zhou Lishang 周荔裳 (ed. 1993), Zhongguo wushu renmin cidian 中國武術人名辭典 (Beijing: Renmin tiyu chubanshe), p. 9. ● Xue Hong 薛虹 et al. (ed. 1998), Zhongguo huangshi gongting cidian 中國皇室宮廷辭典 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), p. 907. ● Zhang Weizhi 張撝之, Shen Qiwei 沈起煒, Liu Dezhong 劉德重 (ed. 1999), Zhongguo lidai renming da cidian 中國歷代人名大辭典 (Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe), Vol. 2, p. 2130.

Cao Xiong 曹熊 (195-220) was the youngest son of the warlord Cao Cao 曹操 and his main consort Ms Bian 卞太后. Xiong died at a very young age. The aristocratic title, including the name of the fief, were conferred on him posthumously: In 221 he was bestowed the title of duke (gong 公), and in 229 that of prince (wang 王), with the epithet Prince Huai of Xiao 蕭懷王.

Source: Zhang Shunhui 張舜徽 (ed. 1992), Sanguozhi cidian 三國志辭典 (Jinan: Shandong jiaoyu chubanshe), p. 409.

May 31, 2016 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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